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  • 1.
    Berg, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Kisthinios, Marianne
    Department of Health and Society, Malmö University.
    Are supervisors using theoretical perspectives in their work?: a descriptive survey among Swedish-approved clinical supervisors2007In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 15, no 8, p. 853-861Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim The aim of the study was to explore the theoretical perspectives in use by approved clinical nursing supervisors in Sweden.

    Background. For the time being, we know little of the theoretical perspectives in use on a daily basis by the clinical nursing supervisors in Sweden.

    Methods. A questionnaire (n = 49) and follow-up telephone interviews (n = 14) were used. Data analysis was made by descriptive statistics and qualitative content analysis.

    Results. The result from the questionnaire showed that the supervisors often used and combined different theoretical perspectives with origins in nursing, education and psychology. Surprisingly, one-fourth of the respondents did not state any nursing theoretical perspective in use during clinical nursing supervision. The result from the interviews revealed that the theory of Katie Eriksson (1987) was the most commonly used nursing perspective.

    Conclusion. As the overall aim for clinical nursing supervision is to improve nursing for the patient/family, the supervisor's competence in nursing is essential. Given this fact, and that only three-quarters of the approved clinical nursing supervisors stated a use of theoretical nursing perspective when supervising, there is obviously a need for further investigations in this area. In addition, there is also a need for approved Swedish clinical nursing supervisors, to further become aware of the theoretical perspective in use that supports their clinical nursing supervision. Clinical nursing supervision is a multifaceted activity that needs to be supported by different nursing theoretical perspectives including physical, emotional, intellectual, spiritual as well as socio-cultural aspects.

  • 2.
    Berg, Agneta
    et al.
    Lund University, Centre of Caring Sciences.
    Welander Hansson, Ulla
    HälsoSam, Eslöv.
    Dementia care nurses experiences of systematic clinical group supervision and supervised individually planned nursing care2000In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 8, no 6, p. 357-368Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AimTo reveal 13 nurses' experiences of systematic clinical group supervision and supervised individually planned nursing care, while working with people suffering from severe dementia.

    BackgroundClinical supervision is a major issue in nursing, however empirical knowledge of the subject is limited. Nurse's narrations about their experiences may extend the knowledge available and serve as a basis for creating models of support systems for nurses in their care provision.

    MethodsOpen-ended interviews were performed and the text was analysed through content analysis. A questionnaire was used to evaluate the views of the effects of clinical supervision.

    FindingsTwo main themes were found. Confirmed uniqueness included two sub-themes: confirming the nurses as a person and as a professional and confirming the patient as a unique human being. Consolidated sense of community included three sub-themes: closer relationship between the nurses, changed organization of nursing care and improved individualizing in routines of nursing care. The questionnaire result showed improvements in co-operation and in providing professional nursing care and personal development.

    ConclusionInterventions to improve working conditions for the nurses and care quality for the patients may well focus the core process, i.e. feedback and support for the nurse–patient interaction and person-orientated nursing care, taking into account the constellation and conditions of the group.

  • 3.
    Nilsson, Petra
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    How to make a workplace health promotion questionnaire process applicable, meaningful, and sustainable2011In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 19, no 7, p. 906-914Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background  In workplace health promotion, a questionnaire could be of great use. Unfortunately, fatigue regarding answering questionnaires has recently become greater than before. An action research approach could be a possible way of increasing employee participation.

    Aim  This study reports an attempt to explore key aspects for participation in, and commitment to, a workplace health promotion questionnaire process.

    Method  The study was conducted at two wards in a Swedish hospital. Data was collected during an action research process. Data were analysed with regard to a framework of questions.

    Findings  The three key aspects for participation in, and commitment to, a workplace health promotion questionnaire process were: an applicable questionnaire, a meaningful questionnaire process and a continuous and sustainable questionnaire process. A structure is presented as practical advice to managers, describing how such a process could be established to be applicable, meaningful and sustainable.

    Conclusion  This study has identified key aspects and prerequisites for questionnaire processes. The prerequisites – share decision-making, involve a core group and follow a structure – are discussed and proposed for managers and workgroups to consider in further workplace health promotion questionnaire processes.

    Implications for nursing management  The key aspects and prerequisites presented could provide a stimulating standpoint or advice, useful for planning and accomplishing workplace questionnaire processes.

  • 4.
    Orrung Wallin, Anneli
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. Lund University.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lund University.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Job strain and stress of conscience among nurse assistants working in residential care2015In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 368-379Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim The aim was to investigate job strain and stress of conscience among nurse assistants working in residential care and to explore associations with personal and work-related aspects and health complaints. Background It is important to investigate job strain and stress of conscience, both for the well-being of the nurse assistants themselves and for the impact on the quality of care they provide. Method Questionnaires measuring job strain, stress of conscience, personal and work-related aspects and health complaints were completed by NAs (n = 225). Comparisons of high and low levels of job strain and stress of conscience and multiple linear regression analyses were performed. Result Organisational and environmental support and low education levels were associated with low levels of job strain and stress of conscience. Personalised care provision and leadership were related to stress of conscience and the caring climate was related to job strain. Conclusion There is a need for support from the managers and a supportive organisation for reducing nurse assistants work-related stress, which in turn can create a positive caring climate where the nurse assistants are able to provide high quality care. Implications for nursing management The managers' role is essential when designing supportive measures and implementing a value-system that can facilitate personalised care provision.

  • 5.
    Papastavrou, Evridiki
    et al.
    Lecturer, Department of Nursing, School of Health Studies, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol.
    Efstathiou, Georgios
    Lecturer, Department of Nursing, School of Health Studies, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol.
    Acaroglu, Rengin
    Florence Nightingale School of Nursing, Istanbul University.
    Antunes da Luz, Maria Deolinda
    Nursing research and development Unity ui&de), Lisbon.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University.
    Kalafati, Maria
    Faculty of Nursing, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens.
    Kanan, Nevin
    Florence Nightingale School of Nursing, Istanbul University.
    Katajisto, Jouko
    Department of Statistics, University of Turku.
    Leino-Kilpi, Helena
    Department of Nursing Science/Hospital District of Southwest Finland, University of Turku.
    Lemonidou, Chryssoula
    Faculty of Nursing, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens.
    Sendir, Merdiye
    Florence Nightingale School of Nursing, Istanbul University.
    Sousa, Valmi D.
    School of Nursing, The University of Kansas, Kansas City.
    Suhonen, Riitta
    Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku.
    A seven country comparison of nurses’ perceptions of their professional practise environment2012In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 236-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims  To describe and compare nurses’ perceptions of their professional practice environment in seven countries.

    Background  There is evidence of variation in the nursing professional practice environments internationally. These different work environments affect nurses’ ability to perform and are linked to differing nurse and patient outcomes.

    Methods  A descriptive, comparative survey was used to collect data from orthopaedic and trauma nurses (n = 1156) in Finland, Cyprus, Greece, Portugal, Sweden, Turkey and Kansas, USA using the 39-item Revised Professional Practice Environment instrument.

    Results  Differences were found between participants from the northern countries of Europe, Kansas, USA, and the Mediterranean countries regarding perceptions about control over practice. No between-country differences were reported in the internal work motivation among the nurses from any of the participating countries.

    Conclusions  Although between-country differences in nurses’ professional practice environment were found, difficulties related to demographic, cultural and health system differences and the way in which nursing is defined in each country need to be considered in the interpretation of the results.

    Implications for Nursing Management  The results support investment to improve nurse’s work environment, which is important for improving the quality of patient care, optimizing patient outcomes and developing the nursing workforce.

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