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  • 1.
    Alexius, Susanna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Grossi, Giuseppe
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Decoupling in the age of market-embedded morality: responsible gambling in a hybrid organization2017In: Journal of Management and Governance, ISSN 1385-3457, E-ISSN 1572-963X, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 285-313Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the understanding of hybrid organizations by refining the concept of decoupling as a strategic response to conflicting objectives and institutional expectations (Meyer and Rowan in Am J Soc 83:340–363, 1977). In today’s popular responsibility discourse one notes a hopeful “win–win” ideal that invites attempts, by companies in particular, to realize and balance conflicting values and to strive to fulfil both profit objectives and responsibility objectives. Although institutional theory has long acknowledged the strategic response of decoupling in organizational contexts, the potential of exploring and refining how this concept may be used to analyse strategic responses in the contemporary era of market-embedded morality has yet to be explored (Shamir in Econ Soc 37:1–19, 2008). There are good reasons to do so as the present-day discourse on the relation between the economy and morality offers a new set of options and challenges for legitimately responding to institutional demands. This paper draws on an explanatory, rich ethnographic and longitudinal case study of a Swedish fully state-owned company operating in the post 1990s gambling market. We suggest that contemporary hybrid organizations positioned at the crossroads of bureaucratic and market schemes of organizing, may find themselves in a particularly tight spot and seek legitimacy by decoupling—not only by adopting certain legitimizing structures, but also and increasingly with reference to market-embedded morality, a commoditizing of responsibility in their contested market setting. Based on the case findings, we suggest a distinction between organization-based decoupling and market-based decoupling and propose that market-based decoupling may be attractive to hybrid organizations owing to it being less sensitive to scrutiny and accountability claims. But at the same time, our findings indicate that market-based decoupling poses a risk to hybrid organizations, as it does not offer the same degree of legitimacy with key stakeholders/the general public as organization-based decoupling does.

  • 2.
    Collin, Sven-Olof
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Governance strategy: a property right approach turning governance into action2007In: Journal of Management and Governance, ISSN 1385-3457, E-ISSN 1572-963X, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 215-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate governance (CG) needs to acknowledge the intentional part of governance, where an actor of governance uses the set of corporate governance mechanisms in order to influence the agent to create a performance that will satisfy the interest of the principal. This paper offers a conception of this activity through the concept of governance strategy. The concept is based on a property right approach and derived within the context of agency theory, stressing the interest and the capacity of the principal. It is applied to two empirical organisations seldom investigated in CG research: the organisation of multinational corporations in a business group and the organisation of a riding school in a democratic not-for-profit association, thereby extending the relevance of the concept from corporate governance to organizational governance. The empirical analysis indicates the relevance of the conception and suggests further extension through hypotheses of governance strategy related to environmental influence, accessibility of governance mechanisms and momentum of mechanisms.

  • 3.
    Collin, Sven-Olof Yrjö
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Ponomareva, Yuliya
    Linnaeus University.
    Ottosson, Sara
    EY, Stockholm.
    Sundberg, Nina
    Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth, Jönköping.
    Governance strategy and costs: board compensation in Sweden2017In: Journal of Management and Governance, ISSN 1385-3457, E-ISSN 1572-963X, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 685-713Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Shareholders are not identical, but differ in their objectives and actions. One difference is the level of delegation of the principal functions to the board, which we suggest can be observed through the level of directors’ compensation. We analyze the difference in board compensation through the concept of governance strategy and suggest two distinct categories of shareholder strategies: the company governance strategy and the financial governance strategy. These strategies create different distributions of governance costs, which we separate into principal costs and agency costs. We claim that the financial governance strategy adopts a higher level of delegation, which implies that the principal costs are assumed by the corporation and that agency costs are higher. This in turn can explain the higher compensation for the directors of the board compared to compensation under the company governance strategy. We test our hypothesis using a three-year panel of Swedish listed corporations and find that shareholders pursuing a financial governance strategy are associated with higher levels of board compensation. These findings suggest the existence of differences in governance strategies, reflected in governance costs through board compensation, among different types of shareholders in a corporation.

  • 4.
    Peda, Peeter
    et al.
    Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu.
    Grossi, Giuseppe
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Liik, Margo
    Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu.
    Do ownership and size affect the performance of water utilities?: evidence from Estonian municipalities2013In: Journal of Management and Governance, ISSN 1385-3457, E-ISSN 1572-963X, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 237-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Concerns regarding rising water and sewerage prices have generated a renewed interest in measuring and assessing water utility performance. An efficiency analysis can serve as a basis for price setting decisions. This article examines the influence of ownership structure and corporate size on the efficiency of Estonian water companies, and assesses the empirical efficiency gaps through the lens of corporate governance and natural monopoly theories. To assess efficiency and the influence of ownership and corporate size on efficiency, we use a Data Envelopment Analysis and truncated regression with maximum likelihood estimation as well as an ANOVA test. The study sample consists of 43 water utilities, serving more than 68% of the Estonian population. One main finding of the study reveals that ownership structure does not affect the efficiency of Estonian water utilities, while efficiency does increase with corporate size: large water utilities outperform small utilities. An additional conclusion is that the Estonian water sector is too fragmented.

  • 5.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Department of Business Administration, Lund University.
    Klugman, Michelle
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Lindvall Ekström, Maria
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    What explains the extent and content of social disclosures in Swedish municipalities’ annual reports2013In: Journal of Management and Governance, ISSN 1385-3457, E-ISSN 1572-963X, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 217-235Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public awareness and interest in environmental and social issues as well as increased attention in the mass media have resulted in a higher demand for social disclosures from organisations. The aim of this study is to explain the extent and variation of content in social disclosures among Swedish municipalities. The empirical data is based on annual reports and archive data from official statistics. In this study we take an eclectic approach, and use a multi-theoretical framework in order to explain the content and extent of social disclosures. The statistical analyses show that the extent of social disclosures is associated with size, tax base, tax rate, financial performance and political majority. The study shows that there are significant differences between municipalities regarding both extent and content of social disclosures.

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