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  • 1.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL). Blekinge Institute of Thechology & Trinity College, Dublin.
    Sjögren, P
    Oral Care.
    Zimmerman, M
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Dental status in nursing home residents with domiciliary dental care in Sweden2017Inngår i: Community Dental Health, ISSN 0265-539X, Vol. 34, nr 4, s. 203-207Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the dental health status of elderly people in nursing homes receiving domiciliary dental care.

    DESIGN: Case note review.

    CLINICAL SETTING: Nursing homes in 8 Swedish counties.

    PARTICIPANTS: Care dependent elderly people (≥65 years).

    METHODS: Clinical data, including the number of remaining natural teeth, missing and decayed teeth (manifest dental caries) and root remnants, recorded by dentists according to standard practices. Medical and dental risk assessments were performed.

    RESULTS: Data were available for 20,664 patients. Most were women (69.1%), with a mean age of 87.1 years (SD 7.42, range 65-109). The mean age for men was 83.5 years (SD 8.12, range 65-105). Two or more medical conditions were present in most of the population. A total of 16,210 individuals had existing teeth of whom 10,974 (67.7%) had manifest caries. The mean number of teeth with caries was 5.0 (SD 5.93) corresponding to 22.8% of existing teeth. One in four individuals were considered to have a very high risk in at least one professional dental risk assessment category.

    CONCLUSIONS: Care dependent elderly in nursing homes have very poor oral health. There is a need to focus on the oral health-related quality of life for this group of frail elderly during their final period of life.

  • 2.
    Sjögren, Petteri
    et al.
    Public Dental Services Varberg.
    Halling, Arne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Reliability methodology in caries epidemiological studies conducted in the Nordic countries between 1990 and 20012007Inngår i: Community Dental Health, ISSN 0265-539X, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 97-104Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To describe and analyse the reporting of methodology relating to reliability in caries epidemiological studies conducted in the Nordic countries between 1990 and 2001. Basic research design. Basic research design Literature searches were conducted in the Medline database, and reference lists of all obtained publications were scrutinised for additional studies. Publications fulfilling the inclusion criteria were assessed for study design, and methodological aspects relating to reliability were assessed according to recommendations for evidence-based medicine (EBM). The frequency of endorsement of the assessed items was analysed. Moreover, the type and strength of evidence was evaluated. Main outcome measures Reporting of predetermined methodological items relating to reliability and the frequency of endorsement of the assessed items were of primary interest. Results Initially, 724 publications were located in the literature searches. Of 133 eligible publications obtained, 32 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and remained throughout the analyses. The majority of the studies reported the reliability methodology, which was generally inadequate. The frequencies of endorsement ranged from 0% to 69 %. All publications contributed to a low strength of evidence. In this context, it was proposed that prospective longitudinal studies with a random sample selection be classified as type-2 (2b) level of evidence. Conclusion There seems to be a need to improve the reporting and the methodology relating to reliability in caries epidemiological publications. Reporting of random sample selection and at least two of the items assessed seems to discriminate between high and low quality with respect to the reported methodology relating to reliability.

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