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  • 1. Ahlin, Lena
    African-American autobiography: from slave narratives to the Autobiography of an ex-colored man2004In: Nineteenth-century studies in Lund and Copenhagen: proceedings of a symposium organized by the Department of English, Lunds University, 9-10 November 2002 / [ed] Cecilia Wadsö Lecaros, Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 2004, p. 54-61Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    "All we wanted to do, now that we were back in the world, was forget": on remembrance and forgetting in Julie Otsuka's novels2015In: American Studies in Scandinavia, ISSN 0044-8060, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 81-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article considers Julie Otsuka's representations of the World-War-II internment of Japanese Americans in When the Emperor Was Divine (2002) and The Buddha in the Attic (2011) from the perspective of collective remembrance, thus highlighting the interconnectedness of remembrance, forgetting, silence and race. Remembering and forgetting are understood as contingent on one another, and on the ideological currents and countercurrents that affect the construction of collective remembrance. The article argues that the content and form of Otsuka's novels mediate the cultural silence of the internment. In addition, they illustrate the changing nature of the narrativized remembrance of the internment as accounts of the lived experience of the Japanese Americans who went to camp are being replaced by trans-generationally transmitted, imaginatively recreated memories. The historical silence of the incarceration and its aftermath is sometimes explained in terms of "Japanese culture," but such a description risks reducing the impact of the racialization of Japanese Americans, and obscuring its effect on resistance. Finally, the analysis demonstrates that in Otsuka's texts, remembrance of the internment is characterized by a negotiation between repressive erasure and restorative forgetting.

  • 3. Ahlin, Lena
    Från Harlem till Köpenhamn: svart amerikansk identitet i Nella Larsens Quicksand1999In: Hjärnstorm, ISSN 0348-6958, no 67-68, p. 48-51Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    On the Legacy of Maxine Hong Kingston: The Mulhouse Book2014In: American Studies in Scandinavia, ISSN 0044-8060, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 97-100Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    The doctor and the pastor: on love and evil in Hjalmar Söderberg's Doctor Glas and Bengt Ohlsson's Gregorius2012In: Forum for World Literature Studies, ISSN 1949-8519, E-ISSN 2154-6711, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 260-275Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    The Harlem renaissance: depicting the "New Negro"2009In: African-American poets / [ed] Harold Bloom, New York: Bloom's Literary Criticism , 2009, New ed., p. 147-164Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Lunds universitet.
    The "New Negro" in the Old World: culture and performance in James Weldon Johnson, Jessie Fauset, and Nella Larsen2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the relationship between the “New Negro” moment of the early twentieth-century America and the Old World of Europe, as represented in James Weldon Johnson’s The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man (1912), Jessie Fauset’s There is Confusion (1924), and Nella Larsen’s Quicksand (1928). In the nineteenth century, Europe functioned as a symbol of freedom, education and art in the African-American literary imagination. It is my contention that these notions are questioned in the novels of Johnson, Fauset and Larsen.

    The episodes set in Europe are seen as a lens through which the role of the African-American in Western civilization can be studied. The African-American artist/protagonists are seen as cultural intermediaries, who bridge Euro-American and African-American culture, national and folk culture, high and low culture. Their performances are here understood as crucially related to the geo-cultural symbolism of Europe. Performance is considered as a vital part of African-American identity formation, tallying with the double consciousness that DuBois identified as characteristic of the African-American. I suggest that in these novels, the trope of performance (based on double consciousness) is used to critique the notions of race and culture, whereby conceptions of racial essentialism and cultural authenticity are questioned. The novels themselves are also considered as performative acts that helped form the concept of a New Negro in the 1920s.

    To approach the social meaning of these novels, they can be contrasted with vernacular African-American art forms, here represented by music, such as blues, ragtime and jazz.Music, which plays an important part in all the novels, is analyzed in relation to the European-derived novel. This is a discussion in which the notion of authenticity surfaces, with regard to what constitutes a black identity and a “black text.” I argue that music here functions as an index of cultural identity and a motif through which this identity could be re-imagined. However, instead of offering simple affirmations of a shared black identity, the novels initiate discussions of what can and cannot signify “blackness.” The texts of Fauset and Larsen are particularly ambiguous in this respect, indicating the authors’ sensitiveness to the combined limitations of race and gender.

  • 8.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Uppror mot en svartvit världsbild2008In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 1/2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    "We don't think of these things here": on teaching African American texts in Sweden2007In: European scholars teaching African American texts / [ed] Simcikova, Karla, Ostrava: University of Ostrava , 2007, p. 33-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Appreciating literature: a focus on lexis in second language reading2014In: Text analysis: culture, framework & teaching: conference proceedings from the Text Analysis Symposium at Kristianstad University, April 2014 / [ed] Jane Mattisson, Maria Bäcke, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2014, p. 88-96Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The appreciation of literature depends on the reader’s ability to understand the author’s use of words — how they are used individually to express explicit and indirect meaning, how they are used in partnership with others to make up set phrases, and how meaning can be distorted for literary purposes by changing a phrase or the order of words in a phrase, all within a specific cultural context. The educated first language reader, familiar with the context, is equipped to read between the lines and achieve a fuller understanding of the text in question. However, for second language readers, lacking that lexical and cultural knowledge, the situation is different and they are at a disadvantage in terms of being able to understand a work of literature. Teachers of English can help their pupils by drawing their attention to words — which words are used and how they are used. Support for this assertion can be found in the research into second language vocabulary acquisition. This tells us that readers need to know at least 95% of words in a text in order to understand that text, and that words must be encountered many times if they are to be learnt. The point of actively working with words over a period of time is twofold: firstly, to increase the reader’s lexical resource in terms of both number of words known and depth of knowledge about them, and secondly, by so doing, to increase the reader’s ability to understand, and therefore appreciate, literary texts. With reference to The Great Gatsby, I will illustrate how teachers of English to university students can extend their learners’ lexical knowledge and appreciation of literature.

  • 11.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Att utveckla kommunikativa färdigheter i engelska: Storylinemetoden2012In: Communicare, ISSN 1893-1502, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 47-51Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    `I remember more when it's fun’: teaching English through Storyline2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Young learner writing and the Storyline approach2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Eriksson, Urban
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Fredlund, Tobias
    Uppsala universitet.
    Linder, Cedric
    Uppsala universitet.
    On the disciplinary affordances of semiotic resources2014In: Book of abstracts: The First Conference of the International Association for Cognitive Semiotics(IACS-2014), September 25-27, 2014 Lund University, 2014, p. 54-55Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the late 70’s Gibson (1979) introduced the concept of affordance. Initially framed around the needs of an organism in its environment, over the years the term has been appropriated and debated at length by a number of researchers in various fields. Most famous, perhaps is the disagreement between Gibson and Norman (1988) about whether affordances are inherent properties of objects or are only present when they are perceived by an organism. More recently, affordance has been drawn on in the educational arena, particularly with respect to multimodality (see Linder (2013) for a recent example). Here, Kress et al. (2001) have claimed that different modes have different specialized affordances. Then, building on this idea, Airey and Linder (2009) suggested that there is a critical constellation of modes that students need to achieve fluency in before they can experience a concept in an appropriate disciplinary manner. Later, Airey (2009) nuanced this claim, shifting the focus from the modes themselves to a critical constellation of semiotic resources, thus acknowledging that different semiotic resources within a mode often have different affordances (e.g. two or more diagrams may form the critical constellation).

    In this theoretical paper the concept of disciplinary affordance (Fredlund et al., 2012) is suggested as a useful analytical tool for use in education. The concept makes a radical break with the views of both Gibson and Norman in that rather than focusing on the discernment of one individual, it refers to the disciplinary community as a whole. Put simply, the disciplinary affordances of a given semiotic resource are determined by those functions that the resource is expected to fulfil by the disciplinary community. Disciplinary affordances have thus been negotiated and developed within the discipline over time. As such, the question of whether these affordances are inherent or discerned becomes moot. Rather, from an educational perspective the issue is whether the meaning that a semiotic resource affords to an individual matches the disciplinary affordance assigned by the community. The power of the term for educational work is that learning can now be framed as coming to discern the disciplinary affordances of semiotic resources.

    In this paper we will briefly discuss the history of the term affordance, define the term disciplinary affordance and illustrate its usefulness in a number of educational settings.

  • 15.
    Alwandi, Roaa
    Kristianstad University.
    From "Abnormal" Orphan to Celebrated Hero: A discussion of Harry's development in J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will exlopre the character of one of our times most beloved fictional characters, Harry Potter. The purpose of this esay is to investigate Harry's character in J.K. Rowling's first novel and to show that it is his his character that is one of the chief reasons for the popularity of the book, and indeed, of the entire series. The various different passages in Harry's role are well-illustrated by close reading of the significant passages in different parts of the novel.

  • 16.
    Amedi Dokic, Sandra
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Khazal, Yasmin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Grammatik - viktigt men ganska tråkigt: en sjundeklass syn på grammatikundervisning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur elever i en sjundeklass i södra delen av Sverige förhåller sig till grammatikundervisningen samt hur de menar att läraren kan förbättra undervisningen i grammatik. Arbetet sammanställer akademisk litteratur och tidigare forskning om grammatik och grammatikundervisning i den svenska skolan för att hjälpa oss att besvara de angivna frågeställningarna. Den empiriska undersökningen gjordes i form av en enkätstudie där 14 elever deltog. Studien genomfördes på en grundskola i södra Sverige. Enkätundersökningen visar att de flesta av eleverna har förstått innebörden av begreppet grammatik. Eleverna tycker att grammatikundervisningen är viktig men tråkig och ganska lätt. Studien visar även att eleverna har en god bild av vilken nytta de har av grammatik både idag och i framtiden.

  • 17.
    Amedi, Sandra
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    The possible relationship between gender and motivation: an attitudinal study on gender and motivation as factors in learning English as a second language2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Andersson, Alexandra
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Svensson, Frida
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Thelander, Martina
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Bokvalet och dess uppföljningsarbete hos fyra lärare: En kvalitativ studie som undersöker lärares syn på bokvalet i undervisningen samt dess uppföljningsarbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien har vi undersökt hur fyra olika lärare i årskurs 4-6 tänker kring hur de väljer ut skönlitterära böcker till sin undervisning samt hur uppföljningsarbetet går till i de intervjuade lärarnas klassrum. Vi har intervjuat fyra olika lärare och låtit deras elever svara på enkäter och därpå har vi analyserat och gjort en sammanställning av det material vi fått ta del av. Utifrån intervjuerna och enkäterna har vi kommit fram till att lärarna väljer högläsningsboken medan de låter sina elever välja den enskilda läseboken själva. Detta eftersom de anser att det är viktigt att eleverna får välja utifrån sina egna intressen. Vi har kunnat se att lärarna ser stora möjligheter med användandet av skönlitteratur av skönlitteratur i undervisningen vid arbete med ett specifikt tema eller arbetsområde. Svårigheterna med valet av skönlitteratur har visat sig vara bristande tid till att hjälpa alla elever med sitt skönlitterära bokval, sätta sig in i barn/ungdomslitteratur och finna klassuppsättningar. Genom studien har vi kunnat se att det brister kring uppföljningsarbetet av skönlitteraturen som läses i undervisningen eftersom eleverna inte får tid till reflektion av det lästa.

  • 19.
    Andersson, Anders-Petter
    Malmö högskola.
    "Shoot ’em up -musik": om musikaliska strukturer för interaktivt berättande i tevespelet Rez2003In: NM/T Nutida Musik/Tritonus, ISSN 0029-6597, no 2, p. 26-30Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det musikdramatiska berättandet har idag lierat sig med nya medier och teknologier. Resultatet av detta är att gränsen mellan lyssnaren och den aktive kompositören håller på att luckras upp. I musiken till datorspelen finner vi ett musikdramatiskt berättande som genom interaktiviteten frångår det traditionella berättandets linjära narratologi. Att komponera musik som både är intressant och samtidigt flexibelt rättar sig efter en publik som fysiskt medverkar till att skapa musiken är kanske vår tids största utmaning för nu verksamma musiker, tonsättare och dramatiker.

  • 20.
    Andersson, Carl-Johan
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    An American Dream torn to pieces: An essay analysing Julie Otsuka’s When the Emperor was Divine2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Leden, Ido
    Centralsjukhuset, Kristianstad.
    Vården av skönlitteratur hälsosamt för medicinare2014In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, no 48, p. 2172-2173Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Andrén, Mats
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Andersson, Annika
    Lunds universitet.
    Håkansson, Gisela
    Lunds universitet.
    Gullberg, Marianne
    Lunds universitet.
    Johansson, Victoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Lunds universitet.
    Sayehli, Susan
    Lunds universitet.
    Att lära sig språk2013In: Språket, människan och världen: människans språk 1-2 / [ed] Victoria Johansson, Gerd Carling & Arthur Holmer, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Bai, Jinhong
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    A Study of The Journey Metaphor in Economic Report Headlines2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Bai, Jinhong
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Exploring Students' Use of Metacognitive Strategies in Listening Comprehension of the TEM-4: A Study of English Majors at a Chinese College2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Listening comprehension plays a vital role in Chinese students’ acquisitionof English; however, the current situation of students’ listening comprehension learning is notsatisfactory. As one category of learning strategies, metacognitive strategies are essential forsuccessful learning. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate the students’ frequency ofmetacognitive strategy use, and the relationship between their use of metacognitive strategiesand their performance in a listening comprehension test from the TEM-4 test. 100sophomores of English major were chosen to participate in the test and then divided into threelevels based on their scores. Afterwards, 10 students from each level were randomly selected,which means there was a total of 30 students and they were asked to participate in thequestionnaire. Through the data collected from the listening comprehension test and thequestionnaire, the investigation finds that on the whole, the 30 students use metacognitivestrategies in the medium level. By comparison, the students in the three groups utilizemetacognitive strategies in different levels. Moreover, there is a positive relationship between30 students’ frequency of metacognitive strategy use and their performance in the listeningcomprehension test. However, there are 4 students whose frequency of metacognitive strategyuse and scores in the listening comprehension test show a negative relationship. Thus, aninterview was conducted among them to find the reasons. These include that they havedifferent difficulties in using metacognitive strategies or dealing with the listeningcomprehension tasks, and then some suggestions are put forward to help teachers improvetheir teaching quality, and students enhance their listening comprehension abilities.

  • 25.
    Bei, Zhang
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    A Study of the Vocabulary Learning Strategies Used by Chinese Students2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims on the study of the strategies used by Chinese English major students in vocabulary learning, the differences between effective and less effective learners in using vocabulary learning strategies. The study is based on qualitative research, in which 35 college students were investigated. The participants were asked to take a vocabulary tests and complete a questionnaire. The data of the research indicates that there are significant differences between effective and less effective learner, and common points between effective learners. Effective learners use several learning methods and have a positive attitude. Meanwhile, there are six methods they use in common, they are, having interest in English, listening and reading, learning words in sentence, using bilingual dictionary, reading English books in spare time and studying the spelling. Acquisition of vocabulary has been acknowledged as primary important and being central for second language acquisition. Vocabulary is always a hindrance to Chinese students. However, there is little research has been done on the vocabulary learning strategies used by Chinese English majors.

  • 26.
    Bengtsson, Marie
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Dominance or not in the Classroom?: A synchronic study on gender differences in a Swedish classroom in the subject of English2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Berglund, Birgitta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    "Jag minns den goda tiden...": om synen på barn och barndom i Jane Austens författarskap1998In: Om barndom, djurmänniskor, könsideal och krisgrupper: litteraturvetenskapliga och sociologiska innehållsanalyser / [ed] Britt-Louise Wersäll, Kristianstad: Högskolan Kristianstad , 1998, p. 11-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Biala, Denisa
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    The Representation of Female and Male Characters in Regard to Topic Management in Conversation Investigated in the American TV Sitcom Happy Endings2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present investigation is to find out how male and female characters are represented in terms of topic management and thereafter how dominance or/and cooperation may be achieved by the aid of the topic changes and topic shifts in a conversation. Both male and female exclusive conversations and mixed-gender conversations are investigated in the TV show Happy Endings.

  • 29.
    Blom, Elin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Contrasting Attitudes Toward Marriage in Pride and Prejudice: Elizabeth Bennet's Disregard for the Contemporary Marital Conventions2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through a liberal feminist perspective, this essay investigates the unconventional marital views of the fictional character Elizabeth Bennet. These are analyzed and compared to the traditional marital opinions of the novel's social environment. Moreover, the historical context is important in understanding the marital views in Pride and Prejudice, because the novel was written at a time when the views toward marriage changed significantly. This paper argues that Elizabeth's behavior, expressed opinions and rejections of Mr. Collins's and Mr. Darcy's proposals depict liberal feminist ideas of marriage. The literary review supports the notion that there are two contrasting attitudes toward marriage in Pride and Prejudice: the traditional view and the liberal feminist view. The thorough examination of Elizabeth Bennet's character strongly suggests that she represents the unconventional view of marriage, while characters such as Mr. Collins, Mrs. Bennet, and Charlotte Lucas voice the traditional view of marriage. Furthermore, an analysis of Mr. Darcy's attraction toward Elizabeth indicates that it was Elizabeth's very unconventionality that made Mr. Darcy fall in love with her.

  • 30.
    Blomkvist, Johanna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Nyberg, Lisa
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Det var en gång…: Elevers förmåga att skapa betydelse och sammanhang i berättelser– en textanalys2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att, genom en SFG-inspirerad textanalys, ge en bild av elevers förmåga att skapa betydelse och sammanhang i berättande texter. Frågeställningarna har varit ” Hur skapar eleverna sammanhang i berättelser, med avseende på textstruktur och logiska samband?” och ” Vilka likheter och skillnader i texterna finns mellan klassen som arbetar genrepedagogiskt och klassen som inte arbetar genrepedagogiskt?”. Materialet för studien är 24 berättelser, varav 12 är skrivna i en klass som arbetat med genrepedagogik och 12 är skrivna i en klass som inte arbetat med genrepedagogik. Texterna analyseras, med avseende på textstruktur och användandet av logiska samband, utifrån en systemisk funktionell grammatik. Resultatet av studien är att de elever som arbetat genrepedagogiskt har större medvetenhet, vad gäller att strukturera texter och binda samman satser för att skapa betydelse och sammanhang än de elever som inte arbetat med genrepedagogik.

  • 31.
    Bonneau, Jacqueline
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Döden gestaltad i barnbokens bilder: en studie av bildernas betydelse för ikonotexten i barnboken2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med utgångspunkt i barnbokens bilder analyseras och diskuteras temat döden och dess gestaltning. Syftet är att genom moderna teorier och metoder visa hur ett svårt tema gestaltats i ett antal moderna bilderböcker. Tillvägagångssättet i uppsatsen är analys av text, berättande, narration och ikonotext, med en efterföljande diskussion. Uppsatsen prövar olika moderna teorier och metoder för att resonera och problematisera gestaltningen av döden i barnbokens bilder. I uppsatsen redovisas hur en illustration kan innehålla visuella luckor skapade av illustratören, såväl som en text innehåller verbala luckor. De visuella luckorna påverkar tolkningen av ikonotexten – bilderbokens egentliga text – och påverkar därmed även betydelsen av ursprungstexten. Resultatet visar att de allra senaste utkomna bilderböckerna utmanar gränserna för bilderböcker för barn, men att de genom öppningar i texten, blir tillgängliga för barnläsaren.

  • 32.
    Bonneau, Jacqueline
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Sunnanäng: en studie i illustrationernas betydelse för ikonotexten2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Utgångspunkten för denna uppsats är att utifrån moderna teorier och metoder belysa illustrationernas betydelse för ikonotexten. Författaren har använt två versioner av Astrid Lindgrens Sunnanäng - ¨Sunnanäng¨ i Sunnanäng (1959) och Sunnanäng (2003) – för att belysa området. Båda berättelserna har samma text, men olika illustratörer, Ilon Wikland och Marit Törnqvist. Tillvägagångssättet författaren har använt i uppsatsen är separerade textanalyser, bildanalyser och analyser av ikonotexten utifrån dennes ¨läsning¨ av de två olika versionerna av Sunnanäng. Författaren har prövat olika moderna teorier och metoder för att resonera och problematisera illustrationernas betydelse för ikonotexten. I uppsatsen visar författaren att en illustration kan innehålla visuella luckor skapade av illustratören, såväl som en text innehåller verbala luckor. De visuella luckorna påverkar tolkningen av ikonotexten – bilderbokens egentliga text – och påverkar därmed även betydelsen av ursprungstexten. Författaren beskriver och visar i uppsatsen hur illustrationerna på flertalet sätt expanderat texten i ¨Sunnanäng¨ i Sunnanäng från 1959 till Sunnanäng 2003 och därmed skapat helt nya betydelser för ikonotexten.

  • 33.
    Borgfeldt, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för humaniora. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Att skapa texter på egen hand: multimodalitetens betydelse för elever i årskurs 32014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Många elever knäcker sin läs- och skrivkod under sina första skolår och för flertalet är lusten och glädjen stor över att kunna läsa och skriva på egen hand. Undersökningar visar att det är i övergången mellan årskurs 3 och 4 som en förändring ofta inträffar. För många av eleverna innebär det att det stöd som visar sig vara en förutsättning för att vidareutveckla sina nyvunna läs- och skrivförmågor, inte ges i tillräcklig utsträckning. En anledning till detta är att ämnenas antal ökar och att stoffet växer i omfattning; läromedelstexterna blir längre, bildspråket mer avancerat och diagram mer komplicerade. En annan är att eleverna nu i större utsträckning förväntas klara sin läsning och textproduktion på egen hand (Liberg, 2007, 2010).Forskningsintresset rör således yngre elevers textproduktion och i vilken mån de uttrycker sig multimodalt. Texter producerade av elever i årskurs 3 har samlats in i två klasser på två olika skolor i södra Sverige under läsåret 2012/2013. Den ena skolan är belägen i ett mångkulturellt bostadsområde där elever har svenska som andraspråk medan den andra skolan ligger i ett traditionellt villaområde där elever har svenska som förstaspråk. Det huvudsakliga syftet är att undersöka vilka olika sätt eleverna uttrycker sig på i samband med textproduktion. Vilka semiotiska resurser använder de sig av och på vilka sätt kan resurserna sägas vara meningsskapande? Finns skillnader i sätt att uttrycka sig på mellan elever med svenska som förstaspråk och flerspråkiga elever och vilka är i så fall dessa skillnader ur ett multimodalt perspektiv? Det teoretiska ramverket tar sin utgångspunkt i det lingvistiska och sociosemiotiska forskningsfältet och en kvalitativ sociosemiotisk multimodal analys av de insamlade texterna presenteras (Jewitt, 2009; G. Kress, 2003; G. R. Kress, 2010; G. R. Kress & Van Leeuwen, 2006; Løvland, 2006; Tønnessen, 2010). I forskningspresentationen redogörs för de första resultaten som en del i ett pågående avhandlingsarbete.

  • 34.
    Borgfeldt, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för humaniora. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    En kvalitativ sociosemiotisk multimodal analys av elevtexter producerade i skolår 32014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsintresset rör multimodalitetens betydelse för yngre elevers textproduktion och vad som händer när de i övergången mellan skolår 3 och 4 förväntas klara av att vidareutveckla sina läs- och skrivförmågor på egen hand. Den digitala utvecklingen har medfört att elever idag har helt andra erfarenheter av möten med texter i såväl skol – som fritidsmiljö.

    Utgångspunkten för den här presentationen är en delstudie som genomfördes våren 2013 på en mångkulturell 0-9-skola i en medelstor kommun i södra Sverige. Elever i skolår 3 fick i uppgift att producera en text som avslutning på ett längre tematiskt arbete om stenåldern och 15 textproduktioner samlades in. Studiens syfte var att undersöka vilka olika sätt elever valde att uttrycka sig på i samband med textproduktionen. Vilka semiotiska resurser använde elever sig av och på vilka sätt kunde resurserna sägas vara meningsskapande? Vilka skillnader fanns i sätt att uttrycka sig på mellan elever med svenska som förstaspråk och flerspråkiga elever?

    Studiens teoretiska ramverk utgörs av sociosemiotisk teoribildning (Jewitt, 2009; Kress, 2003; Kress, 2010). Textproduktionerna har analyserats utifrån Social Semiotic Multimodal Analysis, SSMA, och här presenteras de semiotiska resurser eleverna väljer att använda, samspelet dem emellan och deras betydelse utifrån de valda kategorierna komposition, rytm, kohesion och meningsskapande (Jewitt, 2009; Kress & van Leeuwen, 2006; Løvland, 2006; Tønnessen, 2010). Elevers val av olika semiotiska resurser utgör textproduktionernas komposition och tillsammans bidrar de till att skapa rytm i det innehåll som förhandlas i den här uppgiften. De semiotiska resurser som väljs får funktionell specialisering och när någon eller några blir särskilt framträdande får de funktionell tyngd. Det sammanhang som uppstår i samspelet mellan de semiotiska resurserna kan sägas utgöra textproduktionens multimodala kohesion och på så vis framträder elevers meningsskapande i den här uppgiften.

  • 35.
    Borgfeldt, Eva
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Multimodal textproduktion i årskurs 3: analys av en lärares bedömning2017In: Educare - Vetenskapliga skrifter, ISSN 1653-1868, no 1, p. 118-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim, in this qualitative semi- structured interview study, is to analyze whatmodalities a primary s chool teacher in a multicultural school context stresses when assessing her third grade students’ meaning making in their multimodaltext productions. The study has a socio-cultural perspect ive and the theoreticalpoints and analysis tools are based in the socio semiotic multimodal theories, and in the multiliteracies research. The results show that the teacher on theone hand mainly focuses o n the semiotic resources, image, color and writing, and to some ext ent squares, symbols and speech bubbles in student petitions, but on the other hand her statements points out the complexity of the task formulation gives rise. It proves to be problematic for the teacher to allow stu-dents to freely interpret and independently design their task where she at thesame time intends to make an overall assessment o f how the content is pre-sented. In practice, the teacher more often are focused on assessing abilities that show how thoroughly and carefully the students are documenting thandeveloping the knowledge. It points to the difficulty of reconciling assessment requirements in the context of a multimodal text production. 

  • 36.
    Borgfeldt, Eva
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lyngfelt, Anna
    Göteborgs universitet.
    "Jag ritade först sen skrev jag": elevperspektiv på multimodal textproduktion i årskurs 32017In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2000-9674, E-ISSN 2001-6131, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 64-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine what students in grade 3, half of them multilingual,stress as important in multimodal text production while performing a task that isgoing to be assessed by their teacher. Sociosemiotic multimodal theories, and researchon multiliteracies, form the theoretical basis for the study. The empirical data consistsof fifteen individual interviews with the students. Through the interviews theirmultimodal text production appears to be complex. Also it becomes clear that images,rather than written text, play an important role for conveying messages in theirtexts. Furthermore, the interviews show that the students find it difficult to verbalizethoughts on qualities in their text productions. To sum up, the study stresses the riskfor discrepancy between what students achieve, by the use of several resources, andthe teachers’ notions of the students´ achievements. Additionally, the study highlightsthe role of task formulation and the need for competence when it comes to assessmentof multimodal texts.

  • 37.
    Bowman Lindell, Jenny
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    "Bad boys" - företeelsen i fyra amerikanska och engelska romaner2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Romanerna som ligger till grund för uppsatsens analys är Thomas Bailey Aldrich The story of a bad boy, Mark Twains Tom Sawyers och Huckleberry Finn samt Richmal Cromptons Just William. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka de litterära gestalter som tar sig skepnad i företeelsen "bad boys" och de frågor som ställs i uppsatsen är: Hur och varför uppkom företeelsen "bad boys"? Hur växte genren "bad boys" fram? Vad karaktäriserar "bad boys" företeelsen? Uppsatsens narratologiska utgångspunkter bygger bland annat på Mieke Bals teori om fabelns och de textanalytiska begrepp som Maria Nikolajeva redogör för: tid och plats, författarens och läsarens föreställning av författaren, samtid och tidsperspektiv. Uppsatsen tar även stöd i R.W. Connell, John Stephens och Kenneth B. Kidds teorier. Uppsatsen visar att "bad boys"-genren har sitt ursprung under en period då bilden av mannen var under förändring och romaner för pojkar blev allt mer robusta."Bad boys" – genren karaktäriseras av driftiga pojkgestalter som delvis formar sin identitet i pojkgänget. "Bad-boys"- genren är även en konsekvens av de ändrade förhållandena för unga pojkar i USA. Dessa pojkar sågs ofta som små vandaler och det är dessa som återspeglas i "bad-boys" genren.

  • 38.
    Brimsjö, Claes
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Johansson, Per
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Kritiskt arbete inom svenskämnet: En studie i hur fem lärare arbetar med källkritiskt förhållningssätt, kritiskt tänkande och att kritiskt granska2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi undersöker hur lärare tolkar och arbetar med tre begrepp i svenska läroplanen: källkritiskt förhållningssätt, kritiskt tänkande och att kritiskt granska. Dessa tre begrepp har vi valt att samla under begreppet kritiskt förhållningssätt. Syftet med uppsatsen är att få en uppfattning om hur fem lärare i ämnet svenska arbetar med kritiskt förhållningssätt och vi utgår från två forskningsfrågor: Hur tolkar lärarna begreppen källkritiskt förhållningssätt, kritiskt tänkande och att kritiskt granska utifrån läroplanen och vilka eventuella likheter eller skillnader kan vi se? Hur arbetar lärarna med att utveckla begreppen källkritiskt förhållningssätt, kritiskt tänkande och att kritiskt granska med eleverna och vilka eventuella likheter eller skillnader kan vi se? Studien är baserad på kvalitativa intervjuer med fem mellanstadielärare. Vårt resultat visar att de fem lärarna arbetar med kritiskt förhållningssätt och att det skiljer sig i hur de arbetar. Undersökningen visar att lärarna föredrar diskussioner i sitt kritiska arbete och att de inte utnyttjar svenskämnet specifikt för att utveckla ett kritiskt förhållningssätt hos eleverna.

  • 39.
    Bäcke, Maria
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Decolonizing cyberspace2009In: Cyberculture and New Media / [ed] Francisco J. Ricardo, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2009Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasingly important information and communication technologies (ICT) play a significant role – sometimes as an image, sometimes as a tool –  for authors like Ellen Ullman, Melissa Scott, Jeanette Winterson and Pat Cadigan. In their novels they explore patterns of power, hierarchy and colonization through the destabilization of space and transgress boundaries in the space they create. By making connections between post-colonial/post-structural/post-modern theory and technology, I explore the authors’ reasons for making these transgressions.

    Édouard Glissant explains how computers, and computer-mediated text, can generate a ‘‘space within the indeterminacy of axioms” and how this opens up possibilities to create a space where imaginative and ideological liberation is possible. Glissant’s idea of indeterminacy grows out of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari’s discussion about space and how it is structured. The virtual, seemingly topographical, space of the Internet has been described, on the one hand, as an information highway (striated space) and, on the other, as a web, where it is possible to surf (smooth space). I connect these concepts to the novels and explore to what extent the authors use these strategies to de-colonize the fictional, digital space their characters inhabit.

  • 40.
    Bäcke, Maria
    Karlstad university.
    "Freedom for just one night": the promise and threat of information and communication technologies2007In: Women Writers : a zine, ISSN 1535-8402Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally technology has been a male area of interest; not many novels have been written about technology from a female perspective. It has largely been true that, as Barbara Page puts it, women often have an aversion ‘to computer technologies and programs thought to be products of masculinist habits of mind’ (112). However, with a broadening perspective and use of information and communication technologies (ICT), a growing number of women also take interest in, advantage of – sometimes even change – the technology to meet their own requirements. Reflecting this shift, Jeanette Winterson’s The PowerBook and Pat Cadigan’s children’s book Avatar are two examples of novels where ICT play a major role. That women often see the benefits of a less regulated space provided by the technology is explored in these two novels. Édouard Glissant explains how computers can generate a ‘‘space within the indeterminacy of axioms” (84, my italics). According to Glissant this indeterminacy opens up possibilities and “creates the opportunity for an infinite sort of conjunction, in which science and poetry are equivalent. […] The poetic axiom, like the mathematical axiom, is illuminating because it is fragile and inescapable, obscure and revealing. In both instances the prospective system accepts the accident and grasps that in the future it will be transcended” (85). The indeterminacy is destabilizing, and together science and literature create an imaginary space where imaginative (hence ideological) liberation is possible.

  • 41.
    Bäcke, Maria
    Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Avdelningen för språk.
    Self, setting, and situation in Second Life2009In: Literary art in digital performance: case studies in new media art and criticism / [ed] Francisco J. Ricardo, New York: Continuum, 2009, p. 109-142Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Linden Lab, the company behind the online world Second Life (SL), invites multiplic- ity with slogans like “Your World. Your Imagination.”1 Yet many SL residents’2 profiles give evidence of adjustment to group narratives or norms in various social spaces inside the world. They seem to favor already established social and cultural conventions when creating an online identity; hence they also adjust to already existing hierarchies. I argue that residents in SL recreate social orders and power structures similar to ones already existing outside SL, even though they are of course under no obligation to do so. In that sense social and cultural patterns are reproduced and in some cases even amplified. My aim here is to trace social dynamics evident in three groups within this digital space and my hypothesis is that the rules of these social spaces then function as a foundation and guideline for identity formation, and in fact almost seem to prescribe a certain way of acting or behaving. Two of the groups have a clear role-playing profile, based on books and movies, whereas role-playing is not required, although possible, in the third group. All of them are thus removed from the lifeworld by constituting either purely fictive or, conversely, historical constructs, but they can nevertheless provide clues to how the residents think in an environment that is not primarily “real life” based, and in which anything, even a utopia, can be possible. By reading group charters and profile descriptions found in the SL search engine, and studying articles and blogs functioning either as group information channels or journals for individuals in each community, I examine the motivations and power structures driving avatar and online identity construction in role-playing communities, with a focus on the interac- tion between the overarching “state” power, the Linden Lab, the three communities, their respective role-models, and the rules that govern them, as well as the individuals that are a part of them. 

  • 42.
    Cai, Wen
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    A Woman’s Growth: An essay about Nazneen’s way to independence in Brick Lane2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Cai, Wen
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    The Impact of TEM-8 (Test for English Majors Band 8) on English Majors in China2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Cai, Yunhong
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Elizabeth’s Utterances in Pride and Prejudice: An Investigation of Gendered Differences from the Perspective of Face Theory2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to investigate Face Theory, from a gender perspective, in the 19th century’s novel Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen with the help of Speech Act Theory including direct Speech and indirect Speech. The special focuses of this investigation are if Elizabeth has a stereotypical use of FTAs strategies for different genders.

  • 45.
    Carling, Gerd
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Johansson, VictoriaLunds universitet.Holmer, ArthurLunds universitet.
    Språket, människan och världen: lärarmaterial2014Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 46.
    Carlsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Lindekrantz, Nina
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Den enda olycka som finns i världen är de vita: En studie i symboler och intertextualitet i Toni Morissons Älskade2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att ta reda på hur symboler och intertextualitet kan tolkas i romanen Älskade, skriven av Toni Morrison. Metoden som använts har varit närläsning, där texten har granskats ingående för att finna symboler. Även en läslogg har upprättats, där reflektioner angående symbolerna och intertextualitet nedtecknats. Utifrån detta och med hjälp av passande litteratur har symbolerna tolkats i de sammanhang de dyker upp i. Symbolerna har även förknippats med romanens karaktärer för att få fram deras personlighet. Resultatet av detta visar att två teman har hittats: förtryckta känslor och längtan efter något annat. Teman som förknippas med den situation som slavarna levde under, när romanens handling utspelar sig i 1800-talets Amerika, då slaveriet var mycket utbrett i Södern. Nutid i romanen är 1874, med analepser som sträcker sig upp till 25 år tillbaka i tiden. Intertextualiteter som har framkommit har tolkats från författarnas egna litterära bagage. Det som framkommer är att det är mycket i romanen som ekar från andra romaner och filmer. Omvänt är det också en del som tyder på att andra texter och filmer är influerade av Älskade. Detta medför att romanen sätts in i ett större perspektiv.

  • 47.
    Chen, Lan
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    The Metaphorical Use of Boxing Terms in Everyday Language2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concern of this essay is to analyze how boxing terminology is used metaphorically in different contexts. The objective is to investigate the targets that these terms as the source domain are most often aimed at, i.e. what is described metaphorically by the use of boxing terms, and to analyze the possible reasons why a particular boxing term is chosen as the source to understand a particular target.

  • 48.
    Chen, Weijie
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    An Investigation of Topic Sentences in Chinese Students’ Argumentative Essays: A Multidimensional Probe2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Topic sentence writing is an important component of academic writing. Through studying topic sentences in Chinese students’ English essays, this research aims to find out the frequency and the placement of topic sentences, the wording within topic sentences and the relationship between topic sentences and paragraph unity. In this research, 45 English essays written by Chinese students were collected from WECCL corpus and targeted topic sentences were selected out afterwards. Depending on Wordsmith 3.0, results related to topic sentences were generated including the frequency, the placement, the wording of topic sentences and the unity between topic sentences and supporting sentences. Results show that Chinese students have a good awareness of writing topic sentences and placing them at the beginning of paragraphs. However, Chinese students are not good at applying transitional phrases and expressing ideas objectively as academic writing requires. Moreover, paragraph unity in some Chinese students’ essays is poor. In addition, as a part of this empirical study, an interview about how to write topic sentences was conducted among ten Chinese students majoring in English in order to verify the results. Based on the responses from the interview and previous research, this research suggests that Chinese rhetoric convention and school instruction on writing are two major factors leading to the present results.

  • 49.
    Chen, Weijie
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    How Female Characters Are Portrayed: An investigation of the use of adjectives and nouns in the fictional novel Pride and Prejudice2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 50.
    Crusensvärd, Gustaf
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Monica Ali’s Brick Lane – Fiction, Yet Relevant: The Plight of Bangladeshi Women from a Fictive Perspective2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on the topics of sexism and the function of gender and oppression in Monica Ali’s Brick Lane. Instances in the novel are related to real world incidents in order to show how Ali, in spite of her Western upbringing and perspective, has accurately depicted several problematical cases of injustice in Muslim culture. Even though Ali has been criticized for her, supposedly, incorrect portrayal of Bangladeshis in London, this essay will argue that the topics of the novel remain relevant in the larger scheme of Muslim society.

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