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  • 1.
    Hadzic, Radinka
    et al.
    Malmö University Hospital.
    Nita, Izabela
    Malmö University Hospital.
    Tassidis, Helena
    Malmö University Hospital.
    Riesbeck, Kristian
    Malmö University Hospital.
    Wingren, Anette Gjörloff
    Malmö University Hospital.
    Janciauskiene, Sabina
    Malmö University Hospital.
    α1-Antitrypsin inhibits Moraxella catarrhalis MID protein-induced tonsillar B cell proliferation and IL-6 release2006In: Immunology Letters, ISSN 0165-2478, E-ISSN 1879-0542, Vol. 102, no 2, p. 141-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    α1-Antitrypsin (AAT) is a major circulating and tissues inhibitor of serine proteinases implicated in the regulation of inflammation and host defence. There is now increasing evidence that AAT may also exhibit anti-inflammatory activities independent of its protease inhibitor function. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of native (inhibitory) and polymerized (non-inhibitory) forms of AAT on MID (Moraxella IgD binding protein)-induced human tonsillar B cell activation in vitro. We found that 0.5 μg/ml MID induces B cell proliferation and stimulates IL-6 release (p < 0.001) relative to non-stimulated controls. Both native and polymerized AAT (0.5 mg/ml) inhibited MID-stimulated B cell proliferation in a similar manner (by 70%, p < 0.001), whereas MID-induced IL-6 release was more strongly suppressed by polymerized (9.9-fold, p < 0.001) as compared to native AAT (2.8-fold, p < 0.01). Electrophoretic analysis of cell culture media did not indicate any interaction between AAT and MID, and flow cytometry data showed no competition for the same receptor. The effects of AATs were observed whether added together with MID or 2 h after MID-addition to cell cultures. Thus, our data demonstrate that AAT inhibits MID-induced B cell activation in vitro that is unrelated to its protease inhibitory activity and is not dependent on MID binding to the cell surface.

  • 2.
    Hernroth, Bodil
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Baden, S.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Tassidis, Helena
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Hörnaeus, K.
    Uppsala University.
    Guillemant, J.
    Uppsala University.
    Bergström Lind, S.
    Uppsala University.
    Bergquist, J.
    Uppsala University.
    Impact of ocean acidification on antimicrobial activity in gills of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis)2016In: Fish and Shellfish Immunology, ISSN 1050-4648, E-ISSN 1095-9947, Vol. 55, p. 452-459Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Here, we aimed to investigate potential effects of ocean acidification on antimicrobial peptide (AMP) activity in the gills of Mytilus edulis, as gills are directly facing seawater and the changing pH (predicted to be reduced from ∼8.1 to ∼7.7 by 2100). The AMP activity of gill and haemocyte extracts was compared at pH 6.0, 7.7 and 8.1, with a radial diffusion assay against Escherichia coli. The activity of the gill extracts was not affected by pH, while it was significantly reduced with increasing pH in the haemocyte extracts. Gill extracts were also tested against different species of Vibrio (V. parahaemolyticus, V. tubiashii, V. splendidus, V. alginolyticus) at pH 7.7 and 8.1. The metabolic activity of the bacteria decreased by ∼65–90%, depending on species of bacteria, but was, as in the radial diffusion assay, not affected by pH. The results indicated that AMPs from gills are efficient in a broad pH-range. However, when mussels were pre-exposed for pH 7.7 for four month the gill extracts presented significantly lower inhibit of bacterial growth. A full in-depth proteome investigation of gill extracts, using LC-Orbitrap MS/MS technique, showed that among previously described AMPs from haemocytes of Mytilus, myticin A was found up-regulated in response to lipopolysaccharide, 3 h post injection. Sporadic occurrence of other immune related peptides/proteins also pointed to a rapid response (0.5–3 h p.i.). Altogether, our results indicate that the gills of blue mussels constitute an important first line defence adapted to act at the pH of seawater. The antimicrobial activity of the gills is however modulated when mussels are under the pressure of ocean acidification, which may give future advantages for invading pathogens.

  • 3.
    Håkansson, Cornelia
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Jämförelse mellan två analyskit för typning av det humana leukocytantigenet HLA-B*572017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human leokocyte antigen (HLA), a protein present on the surface of our cells, is characterized as antigen-presenting a mechanism vertebrates have developed to locate infected or defect cells. HLA presents peptides which are brought from the cell's inside to be presented for the immune system.

    HIV is a virus that infects cells that express CD4 on the surface, such as macrophages and T-helper cells. When these are decreasing, the immune system gets weakened. Untreated HIV leads to AIDS, therefore are inhibiting pharmaceuticals like Abacavir important. Abacavir has shown good results, unfortunately 5-8% gets hypersensitivity-reactions. Scientists have shown that these reactions are strongly related to the HLA-B*57:01 allele. By screening for this allele, treatment with Abacavir could be avoided for this group of patients.

    The purpose of this study was to compare two different kits, Olerup SSP® HLA-B*57:01 and Inno-train HLA-READY GENE B57, for screening of HLA-B*57 in 20 different DNA samples. These have previously been typed with the established method at the clinical immunology and transfusion medicine, Lund University Hospital. The comparison was based on differences between the kits, both in terms of results, costs and analytical times.

    PCR was run before the samples were separated on gel with electrophoresis. The results were interpreted in accordance to the manufactures instructions. The results showed that both methods could type HLA correctly. All results from Olerup was correct. However, 8 out of 20 samples showed wrong results at the first run with Inno-train. These were correct after a second run. In terms of costs, Inno-train is cheaper per test, but Olerup would be cheaper in the long term. To really determine which kit is most suitable, more analyzes are required.

  • 4.
    Widén, Cecilia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL).
    Critén, Sladjana
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL).
    Renvert, Stefan
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL).
    Persson, Rutger G
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL).
    Measuring inflammatory markers in saliva inpolyphenols research2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is currently an interest in the possible anti-inflammatory effects of intake of fruits and berries. The aim of this study was to determine whether the twice daily administration of a berry beverage rich in polyphenols had effects on salivary levels of a selected group of pro-inflammatory cytokines for one week in a pre- and post-study design. Levels of selected cytokines were compared in whole saliva and saliva obtained using commercially available collection devices (Salivette® Cotton and Salivette® Synthetic rolls). Twenty healthy subjects drank 200 mL of a berry beverage consisting of equal parts of bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus), black currant (Ribes nigrum), lingonberries (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) diluted with 50% water. Levels of cytokines, IL-1β, IL-8, IL-12 and TNF-α were assessed. Levels of cytokines differed between sources of collection but were highest in whole saliva. The use of cotton or synthetic rolls does not seem to be useful as a method for saliva collection and cytokine analysis. There was no significant change in the levels of selected cytokines at baseline and after intake of the berry beverage in whole stimulated saliva. There was a large inter-individual variation in cytokine levels.

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