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Personlighet, val av utbildning och prestation: en studie av svenska studenter inom humaniora och ekonomi
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Personality, choice of college major and performance : a study on Swedish students in humanities and economics (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inom ramarna för Femfaktormodellen var det övergripande syftet med föreliggande studie att undersöka relationen mellan personlighet och val av utbildning respektive akademisk prestation på den valda utbildningen i ett svenskt stickprov. Vidare undersöktes om Hollands (1997) teori, som utvecklades för snart 20 år sedan i USA, kan vara av betydelse i dagens Sverige. Totalt deltog 177 studenter som vid tidspunkten för datainsamlingen läste program inom humaniora (N = 121) eller ekonomi (N = 56) vid olika svenska universitet. Dessa fyllde i en webbenkät innehållande IPIP-NEO-PI testet (Goldberg, 1999) samt frågor om utbildning, prestation och yrkesintressen enligt RIASEC – modellen (Holland, 1997). Multivariata kovariansanalyser visade att det finns skillnader i personlighet mellan humaniorastudenter och ekonomistudenter som dessutom verkar inte bero på socialisationsprocessen. Separata korrelationsanalyser för de två grupperna visade på skillnader i samband mellan personlighet och prestation beroende på utbildning. Multipla linjära regressionsanalyser visade att det inte är samma personlighetsfaktorer som predicerar prestation då endast humaniorastudenterna undersöktes och då hela urvalet undersöktes vilket kan vara ett tecken på att olika personlighetsfaktorer predicerar prestation i olika utbildningar. Slutligen visade resultatet på skillnader i utbildningsmiljöer mellan humaniora och ekonomi utifrån RIASEC modellen. För gruppen humaniora, men inte för ekonomi, visade resultatet också på att ”fit” mellan individens profil och typ av utbildningsmiljö ledde till högre prestation. Dessa resultat diskuteras i relation till tidigare forskning inom området. I ett bredare perspektiv diskuteras också innebörden av dessa resultat både för praktiken samt vilka aspekter framtida studier bör ta hänsyn till.

Abstract [en]

Within the framework of the Big Five factor model, the aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between personality and choice of college major as well as academic performance in a Swedish sample. A secondary aim was to test whether Hollands (1997) vocational choice theory, which was developed for almost 20 years ago in the United States, could be meaningful for Sweden in present-days. A total of 177 students enrolled in college majors within Humanities (N = 121) and Economics (N = 56) from several Swedish universities used a web-based survey to complete the IPIP-NEO-PI inventory (Goldberg, 1999) and to answer questions about their studies, their academic performance and vocational interests according to the RIASEC model (Holland, 1997). Multivariate covariance analyses showed that there were personality differences between humanities students and economics students that seem to pre-exist rather than to be a consequence of a socialization process. Correlation analyses, separate for the two groups, showed different associations of personality factors with performance across groups. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that the personality factors that predict performance were different when only data from humanities students was analysed and when data from the whole sample was analysed which can be interpreted as if the personality factors that predict performance are different across majors. Finally, results showed that there are differences between educational environments of humanities and economics according to the RIASC model. For humanities students, but nor for economics students, the results also showed that “fit” between the individuals profiles and the profile of the environment leads to higher performance. These results are discussed in relation to previous research in the field. From a wider perspective the implications for practice of these results are discussed as well as insights about aspects needed to be considered in future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Personality; Big Five factor model; RIASEC model; Academic performance; Group differences; College major
Keyword [sv]
Personlighet; Femfaktormodellen; RIASEC-modellen; Akademisk prestation; Grupp skillnader; Utbildningsområden.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-15606OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-15606DiVA: diva2:946384
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Magisterprogram i psykologi
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-07-06 Created: 2016-07-05 Last updated: 2016-07-06Bibliographically approved

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Personlighet, val av utbildning och prestation(722 kB)128 downloads
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