Risk indicators for peri-implantitis: a narrative review
2015 (English)In: Clinical Oral Implants Research, ISSN 0905-7161, E-ISSN 1600-0501, Vol. 26, 15-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: To examine the existing evidence in identifying risk indicators in the etiology of peri-implantitis. Material and methods: A literature search was performed in MEDLINE via PubMed database of the US National Library of Medicine, for articles published until October 2014 using Medical Subject Heading search terms + free text terms and in different combinations. Results: The microbiota associated with peri-implantitis is complex, demonstrating differences and similarities to the one seen at periodontitis sites. Plaque accumulation at dental implants triggers the inflammatory response leading to peri-implant mucositis/peri-implantitis. Individuals with a history of periodontal disease and smokers have an increased risk of developing peri-implantitis. There is some evidence to support the role of genetic polymorphism, diabetes, and excess cement as risk indicators for the development of peri-implantitis. There is also evidence to support that individuals on regular maintenance are less likely to develop peri-implantitis and that successful treatment of periodontitis prior to implant placement lowers the risk of peri-implantitis. Conclusions: Plaque accumulation at implants will result in the development of an inflammation at implants. A history of periodontal disease, smoking, excess cement, and lack of supportive therapy should be considered as risk indicators for the development of peri-implantitis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 26, 15-44 p.
Biofilm, etiology, excess cement, genotype, microbiology, oral hygiene, partial edentulism, peri-implantitis, periodontitis, risk indicators, smoking, supportive periodontal therapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-15321DOI: 10.1111/clr.12636ISI: 000369955400003PubMedID: 26385619OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-15321DiVA: diva2:910039
4th Consensus Conference of the European-Association-for-Osseointegration (EAO), FEB 11-14, 2015, Pfaffikon, Switzerland