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Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom (KOL)
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom (KOL) är kronisk luftrörs/lungsjukdom. World Health Organisation [WHO] informerar att KOL kommer bli den tredje största dödsorsaken globalt och 3 miljoner människor har dött på grund av KOL år 2012 i världen och samtidigt sjukdomen har ökat bland kvinnor.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa upplevelserna av att leva med KOL hos kvinnor.

Metod: En litteraturstudie baserad på sju vetenskapliga, kvalitativa artiklar. I de inkluderade artiklarna kunde man läsa om kvinnors upplevelser. Artiklar analyserades utifrån beskrivning av allmän textanalys.

Resultat: Resultat presenterades i följande tre kategorier, upplevelser av fysiska svårigheter och begräsningar såsom förlorat styrka att göra vardagliga saker, att vara begränsad till sitt rum, begränsad aktiviteter och sömn svårigheter. Upplevelser av oro och rädsla såsom om att bli andfådd, att dö i sömnen eller att andningstekniken inte ska fungera. Upplevelser av skuldkänslor relaterad till rökning, att man sätter skulden på myndigheterna då man inte fick information om konsekvenserna.

Slutsats: Patienter med sjukdomen KOL kan uppleva begränsningar i vardagen på grund av sjukdomen. Deras sociala liv kan också påverkas då de ofta blir bundna till sina hem. Det kan man påstå att det behövs vidare forskning.

Abstract [en]

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic bronchial/pulmonary disease. World Health Organisation (WHO) informs that COPD will become the third largest cause of death globally and 3 million people have died due to this disease in the year 2012 in world and same time this disease have increased among women. Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of women living with COPD disease. Method: A general literature review was performed based on seven scientific qualitative articles. The included articles were about women´s experiences. Analysis of the selected qualitative studies was performed by a general text analysis. Results: The result was presented in three categories. The first category was about experiences of physical difficulties and limitations that dealt loss of the strength to do daily life things, being confined to own room or house, limited activities in and outside of house and insomnia. The second category was about experiences of anxiety and fear of being short of breath, dying in sleep and breathing techniques failure. Third category dealt with experiences of Guilt related to smoking, blaming authorities that they did not given information about consequences of smoking. Conclusion: Patients with COPD may experience limitations in daily life because of the disease. Their daily life can also be affected as they are often confined to their homes. It may be argued that it is needed further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Daily life, Living with, Qualitative studies, Women
Keyword [sv]
Kronisk obstruktiv Lungsjukdom, Vardagsliv, Kvalitativa Studier
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-15191OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-15191DiVA: diva2:893593
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-09 Created: 2016-01-12 Last updated: 2016-02-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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