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Hemmiljöns betydelse för livskvalitet hos patienter med cancersjukdom i livets slutskede: en litteraturstudie ur ett svenskt perspektiv
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The effect of home environment for the quality of life in patients with cancer in the end : a Swedish perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Antalet patienter med cancerdiagnos i världen, förväntas öka med 70 % under de kommande 20 åren. Minst en av tre som lever i Sverige idag, kommer någon gång under sitt liv att få en cancerdiagnos. Många patienter med cancer vill leva sin sista tid och slutligen dö i sitt hem. Hemmiljön representerar trygghet och möjlighet att råda över sin tillvaro. En god eller dålig livskvalitet speglar i stora drag människors tillfredsställelse med livet. Syftet var att beskriva upplevelser i hemmiljön som har betydelse för livskvalitet hos patienter med cancersjukdom i livets slutskede. Metod: Litteraturstudie av åtta vetenskapliga artiklar gjorda i Sverige. Resultat: Patienternas upplevelser presenteras som en huvudkategori med fyra subkategorier. Att det fanns en framtid, att allt var som vanligt, omgivningens stöd samt egenkontroll, var upplevelser i hemmiljön som hade betydelse för livskvaliteten och kan leda till inre frid. Slutsats: Varje patient är unik och har olika behov som tar sig olika uttryck, och som omgivningen måste ta hänsyn till. Med personcentrerad vård och fokus på de resurser som finns kvar hos individen, ökar vårdens kvalitet och säkerhet.

Abstract [en]

Background: The number of patients diagnosed with cancer in the world, is expected to increase by 70 % over the next 20 years. At least one of 3 persons living in Sweden today will sometime, during his life receive a cancer diagnosis. Many patients want to spend their final days in their home. The home environment represents security as well as the opportunity to decide in daily matters. A good or bad quality of life, reflect people's satisfaction with life. The aim was to single out those vital elements in the home environment that contribute most to the quality of life in patients with end - stage cancer. Method: A literature study, based on eight scientific studies, originating in Sweden. Results: Patients experiences present as a main theme with four subcategories. A sense of normality and of having a future, having support from their environment and being able to decide for oneself in daily matters, were important factors deciding the quality of life and peace of mind. Conclusions: Each patient has unique needs that must be considered by the environment. A person- centered care focusing on the patient´s remaining abilities increases the quality and safety of treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
cancer, home environment, quality of life, end of life
Keyword [sv]
cancer, hemmiljö, livskvalitet, livets slutskede
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-15051OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-15051DiVA: diva2:874081
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-11-25 Created: 2015-11-25 Last updated: 2015-11-25Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 447 kBChecksum SHA-512
87d69286e17fe6c1dfce21670968b9bafc4e8c2e1d64116e8968eea63276a19a193241475b09c39bcef1987384e82c936433726dfaa5acad11c719e5c2cc1ee2
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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More styles
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