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Upplevelser av bemötandet i vården för patienter med schizofreni
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences of encounter in the care of patients with schizophrenia (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Cirka 0,5-1 procent av den svenska befolkningen får någon gång i sitt liv diagnosen schizofreni. Att leva med schizofreni innebär psykisk ohälsa i form av bland annat hallucinationer, vanföreställningar samt apati och passivitet. Syfte: Att belysa vilka upplevelser patienter med schizofreni har av bemötandet i vården. Metod: Litteraturstudie som är baserad på tio kvalitativa artiklar. Resultat: Behovet av kommunikation identifierades som ett huvudtema som är genomgående genom hela resultatet. Sedan framtogs fem underkategorier: Upplevelse av frustration, förnekelse, värdighet & respekt, förståelse och tid & samtal. Diskussion: Bristen på kommunikation berodde till stor del av att personalen inte visste hur de skulle handskas med patienter som har schizofreni. Patienterna upplevde att de behandlades på ett respektlöst och nedvärderande sätt. Att inte förstå vad personalen pratade om resulterade även i ovisshet för patienterna. Slutsats: Vid omvårdnad av patienter med schizofreni är det väldigt viktigt hur sjuksköterskan bemöter patienten. Genom denna litteraturstudie kan man se vilka områden sjuksköterskan ska ta hänsyn till vid omvårdnad av patienter med schizofreni.

Abstract [en]

Background: Approximately 0,5-1 percent of the Swedish population are diagnosed with schizophrenia at some stage in their life. Living with schizophrenia involves mental illness such as hallucinations, delusions and apathy including passivity. Purpose: To examine the experiences that patients with schizophrenia encounter within the care system. Method: A literature review based on ten qualitative articles were conducted. Results: The need for communication was identified as the main theme throughout the results. As a result five sub-categories were derived:  Experience of frustration, denial, dignity & respect, comprehension and time & conversation. Discussion: The absence of communication was predominantly due to the staff’s lack of knowledge in dealing with patients with schizophrenia. The patients experienced disrespect and degradation. Not understanding the staff also resulted in uncertainty amongst the patients. Conclusion: The manner with which nurses encounter patients with schizophrenia is very important during care. This literature review highlights those areas the nurse must focus on during the care of patients with schizophrenia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
Schizophrenia, experience, nursing, communication
Keyword [sv]
Schizofreni, upplevelse, omvårdnad, kommunikation
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-14033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-14033DiVA: diva2:822841
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-23 Created: 2015-06-14 Last updated: 2015-06-23Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(819 kB)241 downloads
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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 819 kBChecksum SHA-512
31074a7195997826cdd11b43bece739e365eceeef55ac10361dd2e95ad7404e7b83863bf88f59380db58cd5e33c601091775ea0bf3722a66581056c2110c282d
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • Other locale
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