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Hur påverkar energi- och proteinrik kost intaget av energi och makronutrienter?
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How does a energy- and protein enriched diet affect the intake of energy and macronutrients? (English)
Abstract [en]

Today 70 percent of the people residing in nursing homes are undernourished. One way to avoid that an individual is affected by malnutrition it is a necessity that the meals is customized after special needs current among other things as energy and protein. Food record is a method that can be used to examine and evaluate if an individual is getting sufficient nutrition and energy to cover the daily needs. For those suffering from malnutrition it is recommended to eat energy and protein enriched diet.

Aims

The aim is to compare the intake of energy and macronutrients in a group of elderly people living in a nursing home in southern Sweden before and after the introduction of an energy and protein enriched diet based on newly developed recipes.

Methods

Food record was made during four days. Food record means that everything that is consumed by an individual is noted precisely. The food records were performed during four days and were then nutritionally calculated in DietistNet. In our analysis we used a paired t-test and a significance level of 5 percent were used in all hypothesis tests.

Results

The intake of energy, fat and protein significantly increased when the energy and protein enriched diet was introduced. The amount of finished portions that by size corresponded with a reference portion increased from 22 to 75 percent.

Conclusion

When the energy and protein enriched diet was introduced the intake of energy, protein and fat was significantly increased and the mean amongst the participants reached the nutrition recommendations from NNR.

Abstract [sv]

Idag är cirka 70 procent av de som är bosatta på särskilda boende konstaterat undernärda eller i riskzonen för undernäring. En metod för att undvika att en individ drabbas av undernäring är att måltiderna anpassas efter särskilda behov med avseende på bland annat energi och protein. Kostregistrering är en metod som kan användas för att undersöka och värdera om en individ får i sig tillräckligt med makronutrienter och energi för att täcka dagsbehovet. För de som lider av undernäring kan en energi- och proteinrik kost (EPR-kost) rekommenderas.

Syfte

Syftet är att jämföra intag av energi och makronutrienter bland äldre på ett särskilt boende i södra Sverige före och efter införande av EPR-kost baserad på nyutvecklade recept.

Material och metod

Kostregistrering innebär att allt som konsumeras av en individ noteras med exakthet. Kostregistreringarna genomfördes under fyra dygn och näringsvärdesberäknades i DietistNet. I analysen användes ett parat t-test och en felrisk på 5 procent användes vid alla hypotestest.

Resultat

Intaget av energi, fett och protein ökade signifikant då EPR-kost infördes. Antalet uppätna portioner som storleksmässigt motsvarade en referensportion ökade från 22 till 75 procent.

Slutsatser

Då EPR-kost infördes ökade intaget av energi, protein och fett signifikant och medelvärdet bland deltagarna uppnådde näringsrekommendationerna enligt NNR.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 50 p.
Keyword [en]
Food record, quantitative method, elderly, malnutrition, energy dense diet, public meals
Keyword [sv]
Kostregistrering, kvantitativ metod, äldre, undernäring, energirik kost, offentliga måltider
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-14005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-14005DiVA: diva2:818073
Subject / course
Miscellaneous
Educational program
Culinary Arts and Food Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-16 Created: 2015-06-08 Last updated: 2015-06-16Bibliographically approved

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