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Habitat use in ducks breeding in boreal freshwater wetlands: a review
Finland.
Finland.
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2868-2210
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
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2015 (English)In: European Journal of Wildlife Research, ISSN 1612-4642, E-ISSN 1439-0574, Vol. 61, no 3, 339-363 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Breeding habitats strongly influence duck reproduction and survival. The boreal biome harbours a large share of the worlds wetlands, which are important breeding sites for several duck species. Based on 98 studies in the peer-reviewed literature, we here synthesize and evaluate which habitat characteristics affect habitat use and reproduction of ducks breeding in boreal freshwater wetlands with respect to (1) species and guild (dabbling, diving and piscivorous ducks) and (2) breeding cycle stage (settling by pairs, nesting and brood rearing). We consider the following aspects related to habitat: wetland morphology and spatial aggregation, water characteristics, habitat structure and vegetation, and biotic interactions. Most of the peer-reviewed studies of duck habitat use in boreal wetlands are from North America and Fennoscandia, while nearly half of the boreal area lacks such studies. Few species dominate research thus far while several others have not been studied at all. Nest site use and success are mainly related to predator avoidance. Food resources and habitat structure are the key characteristics affecting habitat use by duck pairs and broods as well as breeding success, although there are differences between duck guilds. Among the commonly studied variables, there is little evidence that water characteristics affect duck habitat use or survival. The most notable knowledge gaps are found in the effects of anthropogenic activities on habitat use and breeding success of ducks. Because boreal breeding environments are increasingly affected by human activities, we underline the need for future studies combining climate variation with natural and anthropogenic disturbances.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 61, no 3, 339-363 p.
Keyword [en]
Anatidae, Duckling, Limitation, Management, Regulation, Waterfowl
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13866DOI: 10.1007/s10344-015-0921-9ISI: 000354195700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-13866DiVA: diva2:811205
Available from: 2015-05-11 Created: 2015-05-11 Last updated: 2015-12-21Bibliographically approved

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Dessborn, LisaElmberg, JohanGunnarsson, Gunnar
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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