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Body composition and physical function in healthy community-dwelling older adults in Sweden: a cross-sectional study
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. (MEAL)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3692-7014
2014 (English)Conference paper, (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Limited data are available on body composition (BC) and physical function in healthy adults >80 y, potentially hampering development of reference values. We aimed to study 1) BC and physical function and 2) changes in hand-grip strength over a 4-year period in a community dwelling elderly Swedish population.

Methods: Apparently healthy, community-dwelling men (n=51) and women (n=51) aged >83y were measured by Sit to Stand-test, hand grip strength, body height, body weight and BC using a Bioimpedance Spectroscopy (Impedimed). The study was approved by the Regional Ethical Review Board in Gothenburg as an addition to Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone (T176-12).

Results: Mean age 86.5 y, no age difference between sexes. Men and women performed equally well at the Sit to Stand-test. Men were significantly stronger with a mean HGS of 34.1 kg compared to women of 19.5 kg. 15 % had a BMI below 22 kg/m2. According to skeletal muscle index (SMI) 64 % were assessed as having severe sarcopenia (Cruz-Jentoft et al 2010).

Conclusion: In this healthy elderly population BC and physical function was well preserved compared to previous studies, although many were classified as sarcopenic according to current cut-offs. Results from this study can be used as reference values for healthy community-dwelling elderly in high age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg, 2014.
Keyword [en]
Older adults, Elderly, Body Composition, Bioelectrical Impedance
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13562OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-13562DiVA: diva2:789416
Conference
22nd Nordic Congress of Gerontology
Available from: 2015-02-18 Created: 2015-02-18 Last updated: 2015-06-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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