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Vilka erfarenheter patienter med hepatit C har av bemötandet i vården
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How patients with hepatitis C experience the encounter in the health care setting (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Den vanligaste smittvägen för hepatit C är genom intravenöst drogmissbruk. Smittöverföring kan även ske via blodtransfusioner eller stickskador i vården. Det finns många fördomar förknippade med sjukdomen och risken är stor att dessa färgar mötet med patienter. Det är viktigt att som vårdpersonal vara medveten om hur den egna synen på sjukdomen kan påverka bemötandet. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa vilka erfarenheter patienter med hepatit C har av bemötandet i vården. Metod: Studien utformades som en allmän litteraturöversikt av tolv kvalitativa artiklar. Manifest innehållsanalys användes. Resultat: Patienter med HCV hade blandade erfarenheter av mottagandet: välkomnande, avvisande eller otryggt. Vidare ledde detta till erfarenheter av stöd eller diskriminering. Patienter kunde ha erfarenheter av professionellt stöd eller brist på professionellt stöd. Diskriminering kunde orsakas av antingen vårdpersonal eller organisation. Slutsats: På grund av stigmatisering kring sjukdomen är patienter med hepatit C en utsatt grupp i samhället. Vårdpersonalens kunskap är en viktig del i bemötandet. Det krävs utbildning för att kunna erbjuda en mer holistisk vård vid hepatit C än i dagsläget. Genom ökad kunskap kring både sjukdom och bemötande kan bemötandet påverkas positivt, det vill säga: mottagandet blir bättre, stödet ökar och diskrimineringen minskar.

Abstract [en]

Background: The most common route of transmission of hepatitis C is through intravenous drug abuse. Transmission can also occur through blood transfusion. There are many prejudices associated with hepatitis C. Chances are that this colors interactions with patients. It is important that healthcare professionals are aware of how their own perception of the disease may affect the encounter.  The Objective was to highlight the experiences patients with hepatitis C have of the encounter in the healthcare. Method: The study was designed as a general literature review of twelve qualitative articles. Manifest content analysis was used. Results: Patients with hepatitis C had mixed experiences of receipt: welcoming, rejecting or unsafe. This led to experiences of support or discrimination. Patients experienced professional support or lack of professional support. Discrimination could be caused either by healthcare professionals or the organization. Conclusion: Because of stigma surrounding the disease patients with hepatitis C are a vulnerable group in society. The knowledge of healthcare professionals is an important part of the encounter. It requires training to provide holistic care for hepatitis C. Increased knowledge about both the disease and patient-professional relation can positively affect the encounter: the reception gets better, support increases and discrimination is reduced.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Hepatitis C, Experiences, Patient-Professional relations, Patients, Encounter, Discrimination
Keyword [sv]
Hepatit C, Erfarenheter, Patient-vårdarerelationer, Patienter, Bemötande, Diskriminering
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13537OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-13537DiVA: diva2:788396
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-05-21 Created: 2015-02-13 Last updated: 2015-05-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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  • harvard1
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