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Samband mellan kostrelaterad övervikt eller fetma och karies hos barn
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

En av de ledande dödsorsakerna i världen beror på övervikt och fetma, därför är det viktigt att barn utvecklar bra kostvanor under tidig ålder. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att undersöka sambandet mellan kostrelaterad övervikt/fetma och karies hos barn. Artiklarna söktes i den medicinska databasen PubMed. Åldersbegränsning gjordes på barn mellan 0-18 år på grund av att studien är fokuserad på barn. Resultatet baseras på 10 vetenskapliga artiklar. Alla utom två studier har kommit fram till att barn med övervikt eller fetma (BMI >25) hade högre prevalens av karies jämfört med normalviktiga eller underviktiga barn. Flera av studierna redovisade också att de överviktiga barnen hade högre konsumtion av snabbmat, sockerrik dryck och mat som innehåller jäsbara kolhydrater. I de studier där fettrik föda intogs fanns inget samband med karies. I en av de studier där de inte fann något samband mellan övervikt (BMI >25) och karies fanns istället samband mellan undervikt (BMI <18) och karies. Studiens slutsats är att kosten kan innebära ett möjligt samband mellan övervikt/fetma och karies. Det behövs dock ytterligare forskning genom framförallt longitudinella studier inom området för att fastställa sambandet.

Abstract [en]

One of the leading causes of deaths in the world is a result of overweightness and obesity, which is why it is important for children to create well rounded dietary habits during their childhood years. The aim of this study was to evaluate if there is an association between overweightness/obesity and dental caries among children. The articles were searched in the medical database PubMed. An age restriction between 0-18 years was made due to that this study is focused on children. The result is based on 10 scientific studies. All studies in this literature review except two have concluded that overweight or obese children had a higher prevalence of dental caries compared to those who were normalweight or underweight. Several of the studies showed that the overweight children had higher consumption of fast food, sugary drinks and food containing fermentable carbohydrates. In the studies were the diets were fat-based, there was no correlation to caries. In one of the studies there was no correlation between overweightness (BMI >25) and caries but instead a correlation between underweightness (BMI<18) and caries. The study concludes that nutrition could have a possible common risk factor for overweightness and dental caries. Further research is however needed in this field, primarily through longitudinal studies in this area to establish the relationship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, dental caries, diet, obesity, overweight
Keyword [sv]
Barn, fetma, karies, kost, övervikt
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13078OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-13078DiVA: diva2:754211
Educational program
Study Programme in Oral Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-09 Last updated: 2014-10-14Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Samband mellan kostrelaterad fetma och karies hos barn(456 kB)339 downloads
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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 456 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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