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Kvinnors upplevelser efter mastektomi: med fokus på kroppsuppfattningen
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Womens experience after mastectomy : with focus on body perception (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Ett behandlingsalternativ vid bröstcancer kan vara mastektomi som innebär borttagning av hela bröstet. Kvinnan har en dynamisk och personlig uppfattning om sin kropp som omfattar tre olika komponenter, kroppens verkliga utseende, kroppens ideal och kroppens presentation. Kroppsuppfattningen förändras vid hälsa såväl som vid sjukdom eller skada. Misslyckande i någon av komponenterna kan resultera i att personen upplever sig få en förvriden kroppsbild relaterat till sjukdom. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser med bröstcancer som genomgått mastektomi med fokus på kroppsuppfattningen. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en systematisk litteraturstudie och baserades på 11 vetenskapliga artiklar som både var kvalitativa och kvantitativa. Resultat: Ur analysen framkom tre kategorier: Kvinnornas visuella syn på sig själva, som handlar om hur kvinnorna ser sin kropp och dess förändringar samt hur detta påverkar dem. Kvinnornas emotionella upplevelser, som beskriver kvinnornas känslor runt mastektomi. Kvinnornas upplevelser av en förändrad kvinnlighet som tar upp hur mastektomi har påverkat deras känsla av kvinnlighet. Slutsats: Kvinnor som genomgått mastektomi upplevde ofta en förändrad kroppsuppfattning. Över lag upplevde kvinnorna negativa känslor kring självbilden. Det visade även att brister i kommunikationen mellan patient och sjuksköterska hade en inverkan på kvinnornas upplevelser av vården.

Abstract [en]

Background: One treatment option for breast cancer is mastectomy, removing the whole breast .Women have a dynamic and personal perception of their bodies that can be divided in to three different components, real appearance of the body,ideal of the body and the presentation of the body. Body perception changes by health as well by sickness or injury. Failure in one of the components can lead to a changed body perception related to sickness. Aim: The aim was to describe women’s experiences with breast cancer who had undergone mastectomy with focus on their body perception. Method: It was carried out as a systematic literature review and was based on eleven qualitative and quantitative articles. Results: The analysis formed three categories, Women’s visual sight on themselves: how women look at the changed body and how it affects them.Women’s emotional experiences: the women’s feelings about the mastectomy and Women’s experience of a changed femininity: how mastectomy affects the femininity. Conclusion: Women that underwent mastectomy often experienced a change body perception. Overall the women experienced negative thoughts about their self-image. It also showed that lack of communication between patient and nurse had an impact on the women’s experiences around their healthcare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
womens breastcancer, mastectomy, experience, body perception
Keyword [sv]
kvinnor, bröstcancer, mastektomi, upplevelser, kroppsuppfattning
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13059OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-13059DiVA: diva2:753738
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-12-04 Created: 2014-10-08 Last updated: 2014-12-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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