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Sociometrisk status och arbetstilfredsställelse: en kvantitativ studie av olika prediktorer för arbetstillfredsställelse
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Denna uppsats är en kvantitativ studie som haft som syfte att undersöka vad som bäst predicerar arbetstillfredsställelse. De variabler som har mätts som eventuella prediktorer är; sociometrisk status enligt sociometerteorin, socioekonomisk status, personlig känsla av makt samt personlighetsdraget extraversion. Urvalet bestod av (N=128) deltagare som alla var anställda av ett medelstort företag. Denna studie har utgått från en liknande studie The Local-Ladder Effect: Social Status and Subjective Well-Being (Anderson, Kraus, Galinsky & Keltner, 2012) som handlade om subjektivt välbefinnande och sociometrisk status. Arbetstillfredsställelse mättes enligt MSQ (Minnesota satisfaction questionnarie). Sociometrisk status och personlig känsla av makt mättes enligt liknande påståenden som Anderson, Kraus et al. (2012) använt, vilka beskrivs närmre i metoddelen. Socioekonomisk status mättes utifrån inkomst samt utbildningsbakgrund. Personlighetsdraget extraversion mättes med frågor ur personlighets-testet IPIP. Frågeställningenlyder; vad predicerar arbetstillfredsställelse bäst: socioekonomisk-eller sociometrisk status? Även vad personlighetsdraget extraversion spelar för roll som prediktor till arbetstillfredsställelse var en fråga som ställdes. Hypotesenformulerades att utifrån sociometerteorin prediceras arbetstillfredsställelse i större utsträckning än inkomst/socioekonomisk status. De insamlade svaren från enkätundersökningen bearbetades i SPSS version 22 genom en multipel regressionsanalys samt korrelationsanalyser. Endast personlig känsla av makt ficksignifikant stöd i regressionsanalysen då samtliga variabler fanns med som prediktorer, men efter en medieringsanalys fick vi stöd för att sociometrisk status predicerar arbetstillfredsställelse via personlig känsla av makt. Resultatet från regressionsanalysen (modell Enter)visade att personlig känsla av makt var den starkaste prediktorn av arbetstillfredsställelse (β=.50, p< .05) Korrelationen visade samma riktning. Den starkaste korrelationen fanns mellan arbetstillfredsställelse och variabeln personlig känsla av makt som delvis förklarar sociometrisk status(r=.57, p<.05).

Abstract [en]

This is a quantative study that aims to examine differentfactors effecting job satisfaction. Thevariables measured as potential predictors are; sociometric status in accordance to sociometer theory, socioeconomic status, personal sense of power and the personality trait extraversion. The data consists of (N= 128) participantsemployed by a medium sized company. This study is based on a similar studyThe Local-Ladder Effect: Social Status and Subjective Well-Being (Anderson, Kraus, Galinsky & Keltner, 2012) which studies Subjective Well-Being and sociometric status. Job satisfactionwas measured by the MSQ (Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire). Sociometric status and personal sense of power weremeasured according to similar claims by Anderson, Kraus et al. (2012), further described in detail in the methodssection. Socioeconomic status wasmeasured based on income and educational background. The personality trait extraversion wasmeasured with questions from the personality test IPIP. The question being asked is; what predicts job satisfaction-socioeconomic-or sociometric status? Also what rolethe personality trait extraversion plays as a predictor was a question in this study. The hypothesis is formulated on the basis that the sociometer theory isa better predictor of job satisfactionthan income/socioeconomic statusis. The collected responses from the survey were processed and analyzed in SPSS version 22 through a multiple regression analysis and correlation analyzes. Only personal sense of powerreceived significant support in the regression analysis when all variables were included as predictors, but after a mediation analysis, we received support for sociometric status as a predictor ofjob satisfaction throughpersonal sense of power. The results of the regression analysis (model Enter) showed that personal sense of power was the best predictor of job satisfaction(β =.50, p< .05). Correlationsshowed the same way. The strongest correlation was found between job satisfaction and personal sense of power,which partly explains sociometric status(r =.57, p <.05).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 42 p.
Keyword [en]
job satisfaction, sociometric status, personal sense of power, socioeconomic status, extraversion
Keyword [sv]
arbetstillfredsställelse, sociometrisk status, personlig känsla av makt, socioekonomisk status, extraversion
National Category
Psychology Work Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13051OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-13051DiVA: diva2:752558
Subject / course
Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-12-04 Created: 2014-10-05 Last updated: 2014-12-04Bibliographically approved

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