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Self-reported consequences and needs for support associated with abuse in female users of psychiatric care
Växjö universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5904-8664
Lunds universitet.
2007 (English)In: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 16, no 1, 35-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aims of the study were to investigate the prevalence of adult abuse in female users of psychiatric care, the relationship between abuse and self-esteem and self-reported consequences of abuse, and women's self-reported needs of support. A total of 1382 women participated in the study. A self-administrated anonymous questionnaire with both closed-ended and open-ended questions was used. Quantitative data were analysed by mainly descriptive statistics and qualitative data were analysed by content analysis. Forty-six per cent (n = 638) of the women had been exposed to emotional, sexual, and/or physical abuse in adulthood. Twenty-eight per cent (n = 385) reported experiences of moderate physical abuse, 27% (n = 373) reported threats of injury, and 20% (n = 277) reported threats of being killed. Further, 19% (n = 261) reported experience of sexual violence, and 12% (n = 164) had experiences of serious physical violence. Women who had been abused rated lower self-esteem than those who were not abused. Self-reported consequences of abuse included intrapersonal problems such as poor self-esteem, fears, anxiety, and worries but also problems in social relations especially with regard to close relationships and reliance to others. To a lesser extent, disease-specific manifestations were reported. The needs of support included interventions directed to the experiences of abuse by professionals trained in the area, family interventions, self-help groups, medical care, legal support, or practical help to find new housing situations. It is concluded that female users of psychiatric care services constitute a vulnerable group with regard to abuse. To meet the women's needs, the care system has to adopt a perspective that includes personal, social, and societal factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 16, no 1, 35-43 p.
Keyword [en]
female abuse, needs, psychiatric nursing
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-12504DOI: 10.1111/j.1447-0349.2006.00442.xISI: 000208492900006PubMedID: 17229273OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-12504DiVA: diva2:736205
Available from: 2014-08-05 Created: 2014-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Bengtsson Tops, Anita

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