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Caregiving and gingival symptom reports: psychophysiologic mediators.
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3620-5978
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2005 (English)In: Psychosomatic Medicine, ISSN 0033-3174, E-ISSN 1534-7796, Vol. 67, no 6, 930-938 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: We first assessed the association of caregiving with gingival symptom reports. We then assessed whether the observed relationship was mediated by psychophysiologic host factors.

METHODS: Caregivers of spouses with Alzheimer's disease (n = 123) were compared with demographically similar noncaregiver spouses (n = 117).

RESULTS: The percentage of caregivers (17%) who reported gingival symptoms was twice that of noncaregivers (8.5%) (p < .05), despite the fact that caregivers and noncaregivers did not differ in oral health care. The relationship between caregiving and gingival symptom reports was mediated by psychophysiologic variables. Caregivers were higher on hassles (p < .05), depressed mood (p < .05), and metabolic risk (insulin, glucose, obesity; p < .05) than were noncaregivers. Greater gingival symptom reports were also associated with greater hassles (p < .01), depressed mood (p < .001), and metabolic risk (p < .001). Measures of subcutaneous fat, inflammation, and frank diabetes were related to gingival symptom reports but not to caregiver status.

CONCLUSIONS: A higher percentage of caregivers reported gingival symptoms than noncaregivers. These results have implications for research on aging, psychophysiology, and chronic stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 67, no 6, 930-938 p.
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-12255DOI: 10.1097/01.psy.0000188485.65153.7bPubMedID: 16314598OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-12255DiVA: diva2:729833
Available from: 2014-06-26 Created: 2014-06-26 Last updated: 2014-09-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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