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Kostvanor som har betydelse för karies: en jämförelse mellan elever vid yrkesinriktade och högskoleförberedande gymnasieprogram
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte var att undersöka skillnader i kostvanor som kan ha betydelse för utveckling av karies mellan ungdomar vid yrkesinriktade respektive högskoleförberedande gymnasieprogram. Datainsamling skedde vid två gymnasieskolor i södra Sverige med användning av en enkät som bestod av 32 frågor.

Det skulle både finnas yrkesinriktade- och högskoleförberedande gymnasieprogram på de skolor som deltog. Sextio elever från respektive gymnasieinriktning skulle ingå i studien. Totalt erbjöds 143 elever >16 år att delta från två skolor. Resultatet baserades på 118 besvarade enkäter, 60 från de yrkesinriktade- och 58 från de högskoleförberedande gymnasieprogrammen. Individerna som studerade på högskoleförberedande gymnasieprogrammen åt i större utsträckning frukost (p=0.009) och skollunch dagligen (p=0.003) och handlade mer sällan i skolans kiosk eller närliggande livsmedelsbutik (p=0.000). De drack även kaffe med socker mer sällan under skoltid (p=0.006), drack juice eller saft mer sällan i hemmet (p=0.009) och åt chips eller ostbågar mer sällan i hemmet (p=0.044). Studiens slutsats är att det fanns skillnader mellan gymnasieelever vid de yrkesinriktade- och högskoleförberedande gymnasieprogram när det gäller frukost- och lunchvanor. Få skillnader fanns i övrigt mellan gymnasieeleverna vid de båda gymnasieinriktningarna avseende konsumtion av produkter som kan ha betydelse för karies.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine differences in dietary habits that have significance for the development of caries between youths at professional- respectively higher educational preparatory high school programs. A survey with 32 questions was conducted at two high schools in southern Sweden. The schools should have hade professional- and higher educational preparatory high school programs. Sixty students from each high school orientation would be included in the study. A total of 143 students >16 yearswere invited to participate from two schools. The result is based on 118 answered surveys, 60 from the professional- and 58 from the higher educational preparatory high school programs. Individuals that studied at the higher educational preparatory high school programs ate in greater numbers breakfast (p=0.009) and school lunch (p=0.003) daily and shopped more rarely at the school kiosk or nearby grocery store (p=0.000). They also drank coffee with sugar more rarely under school time, (p=0.006), drank juice more rarely at home (p=0.009) and ate potato chips or cheese doodles more rarely at home (p=0.044).The conclusion of this study is that there were differences between high school students at the professional- and higher educational preparatory high school programs with regards to breakfast- and school lunch habits. Few differences existed otherwise between both high school orientations regarding consumption of products that could have significance for the development caries. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Caries, Dietary habits, Higher educational preparatory orientation, High school students, Professional orientation
Keyword [sv]
Gymnasieelever, Högskoleförberedande gymnasieprogram, Karies, Kostvanor, Yrkesinriktad gymnasieprogram
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-12168OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-12168DiVA: diva2:727432
Educational program
Study Programme in Oral Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-07-10 Created: 2014-06-20 Last updated: 2014-07-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • rtf