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Djur i omvårdnaden av patienter med ångest: en litteraturstudie
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Animals in the care of patients with anxiety : a literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Antalet patienter med ångest ökar och orsakar ofta ett lidande för patienten. Sjuksköterskan har omvårdnadsansvar att lindra detta lidande. Olika djurterapier förekommer i vården för att behandla olika besvär, till exempel Animal Assisted Activity (AAA) och Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT).

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilken påverkan djur har på patienters ångest.

Metod: Studien har genomförts som en litteraturstudie baserad på kvantitativa studier(n=12).

Resultat: I samtliga studier framkom en sänkning av ångest vid djurterapier och i sju av studierna var det en statistiskt säkerställd sänkning. Resultatet visar främst en sänkning hos patienter som vårdas inom psykiatrin men även patienter inom den somatiska vården påverkades positivt av djuren.

Diskussion: En sänkning av patienternas ångest visar att djur inom vården har en lugnande inverkan. Dock går det inte att utesluta att sänkningen berodde på andra faktorer såsom aktivitet, arbetsuppgifter eller ökad nivå av enskild uppmärksamhet.

Slutsats: Djur kan vara ångestsänkande och därmed lindra patienters lidande. Kunskap som sjuksköterskan bör ha med sig i sin yrkesutövning är den inverkan djur har i patienters vårdmiljö eller i samtalsämne när vårdtagare önskar detta.

Abstract [en]

Background: The number of patients with anxiety has increased and causes often suffering for the patients. The registered nurse has a responsibility to ease patients suffering. Animals can be used in care as pet therapy, which branches into two main areas: Animal Assisted Activity (AAA) and Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT).

Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of animals in patients with anxiety.

Method: The study was performed as a literature review based on twelve quantitative studies.

Result: There was a reduction of anxiety in connection with animal interaction. The result shows mainly a decrease of anxiety for patients treated in psychiatric wards but also for patients treated in somatic wards were positive affected.

Discussion: A reduction of anxiety indicates that the experiences with animals were calming for the patients. However, we cannot exclude that the change in anxiety levels depends on other elements such as activity, work assignments or an increased level of individual attention.

Conclusion: Animals can decrease anxiety and the patients suffering. That knowledge is important for the registered nurse when integrating animal in the environment or in conversation with the patients. Consideration should be taken for patients allergic to animals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Pet therapy, Anxiety, Impact, Animal assisted therapy (AAT), Farm animals
Keyword [sv]
Djurterapi, Ångest, Påverkan, Gårdsdjur
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-11818OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-11818DiVA: diva2:704881
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-03-18 Created: 2014-03-04 Last updated: 2014-03-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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