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Oceanographic settings explain fluctuations in Dinophysis spp. and concentrations of diarrhetic shellfish toxin in the plankton community within a mussel farm area on the Swedish west coast
Marine Botany, Department of Marine Ecology, Göteborg University.
Department of Zoophysiology, Göteborg University.
Clinical Bacteriology, Göteborg University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8059-0156
2002 (English)In: Marine Ecology Progress Series, ISSN 0171-8630, E-ISSN 1616-1599, Vol. 240, 71-83 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The influence of hydrographic, biological and meteorological variables on the abundance of Dinophysis spp. and the concentration of diarrhetic shellfish toxin (DST) in the plankton population were investigated in a mussel (Mytilus edulis) farm area on the Swedish west coast. This location provided an opportunity to simultaneously compare Dinophysis spp. cell numbers, concentration of DST in natural phytoplankton assemblages and toxicity of mussel tissues. Sampling was performed every other day from October 10 to November 5, 2000, and on each occasion, 5 randomly selected sites were sampled. During this period, 3 distinct water masses passed through the vicinity of the mussel farm. The second water mass, characterized by low salinity and nitrogen concentration, was probably advected into the area from surface waters in the nearby Skagerrak. This low salinity water also contained a high abundance of Dinophysis spp., and high concentrations of DST were recorded in the phytoplankton population. Multivariate analysis (projection to latent structures by means of partial least squares, PLS) determined that the principal variables influencing the concentration of DST in the plankton assemblage were the causative species (D. acuminata, D. acuta and D. norvegica) and salinity. The abundance of the 3 Dinophysis spp. was inversely correlated to salinity. A rapid increase in the toxicity of mussels in response to the high levels of DST was observed. The concentration of DST had doubled within 2 d of the appearance of Dinophysis spp. After 8 d, the water mass containing Dinophysis spp. was replaced and cell numbers again returned to low levels. The concentration of DST in the phytoplankton samples remained high for another 2 d after the number of Dinophysis spp. had declined and the toxicity of mussels continued to be high for the remainder of the study. Causes of the rapid intoxication versus slow detoxification of mussels are discussed. These results suggest that present monitoring programs are insufficient to provide early warning of toxic blooms to aquaculturists on the Swedish west coast.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 240, 71-83 p.
Keyword [en]
Diarrhetic shellfish toxin, DST, Dinophysis spp., Mytilus edulis, Skagerrak, Environmental variables, PLS
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-10970DOI: 10.3354/meps240071OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-10970DiVA: diva2:642009
Available from: 2013-08-20 Created: 2013-08-20 Last updated: 2014-06-24Bibliographically approved

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Rehnstam-Holm, Ann-Sofi
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