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Factors related to peri-implantitis: a retrospective study
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap III. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0992-2362
Uppsala Käkkirurgiska Centrum.
Hospital of Halland, Halmstad.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap III. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3620-5978
2014 (English)In: Clinical Oral Implants Research, ISSN 0905-7161, E-ISSN 1600-0501, Vol. 25, no 4, 522-529 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: Retrospectively, we assessed the likelihood that peri-implantitis was associated with a history of systemic disease, periodontitis, and smoking habits.

METHODS: Data on probing pocket depth (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP), and radiographic bone levels were obtained from individuals with dental implants. Peri-implantitis was defined as described by Sanz & Chapple 2012. Control individuals had healthy conditions or peri-implant mucositis. Information on past history of periodontitis, systemic diseases, and on smoking habits was obtained.

RESULTS: One hundred and seventy-two individuals had peri-implantitis (mean age: 68.2 years, SD ± 8.7), and 98 individuals (mean age: 44.7 years, SD ± 15.9) had implant health/peri-implant mucositis. The mean difference in bone level at implants between groups was 3.5 mm (SE mean ± 0.4, 95% CI: 2.8, 4.3, P < 0.001). A history of cardiovascular disease was found in 27.3% of individuals with peri-implantitis and in 3.0% of individuals in the implant health/peri-implant mucositis group. When adjusting for age, smoking, and gender, odds ratio (OR) of having peri-implantitis and a history of cardiovascular disease was 8.7 (95% CI: 1.9, 40.3 P < 0.006), and odds ratio of having a history of periodontitis was 4.5 (95% CI 2.1, 9.7, P < 0.001). Smoking or gender did not significantly contribute to the outcome.

CONCLUSIONS: In relation to a diagnosis of peri-implantitis, a high likelihood of comorbidity was expressed by a history of periodontitis and a history of cardiovascular disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 25, no 4, 522-529 p.
Keyword [en]
peri-implantitis, periodontitis, risk assessment, smoking, systemic disease
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-10847DOI: 10.1111/clr.12208ISI: 000332182200016PubMedID: 23772670OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-10847DiVA: diva2:639781
Available from: 2013-08-09 Created: 2013-08-09 Last updated: 2014-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Renvert, StefanPersson, G. Rutger
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Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap IIIForskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet
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