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Icke-kirurgisk behandling vid tandimplantat: allmän litteraturstudie
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Non-surgical treatment for dental implants (English)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe non-surgical treatment options for the diseases mucositis and peri-implantitis found in present literature. The literature review also illustrates the effect of the treatment opptions on soft tissue with mucositis and peri-implantitis surrounding dental implants. The study reviews twelve scientific articles that have been processed from the aim of the study. The result shows six therapy options, Er:YAG laser, air abrasive, ultrasonic device, hand instruments, hand instruments in combination with antibiotics and hand instruments in combination with clorhexidin. The following methods are described according to how they are used and how they affect the soft tissue surrounding dental implants. The therapy options showed some improvements with reduced pocket depth, bleeding on probing (BOP) and gain in clinical attachment level (CAL). Several studies accentuate the importance of good self-care and regular visits for supportive care which have an impact on the survival of the implants and in avoiding progress of disease. All of the therapy options have positive effects but to different extent and it is not concluded how long the positive effect remains in the soft tissue. 

Abstract [sv]

Syftet var att redogöra för icke-kirurgiska behandlingsmetoder vid mukosit och periimplantitsom beskrivs i litteraturen. Litteraturstudien belyser ävenbehandlingsalternativens påverkan på vävnaden vid sjukdomstillstånden mukosit ochperi-implantit. Studien är utförd som en allmän litteraturstudie och innefattar 12vetenskapliga artiklar som bearbetats utefter studiens syfte. Resultatet redovisar sexbehandlingsalternativ, Er:YAG laser, air abrasive, ultraljud, handinstrument,handinstrument i kombination med antibiotika och handinstrument i kombination medklorhexidin. Metoderna är beskrivna både hur de används och vilken klinisk påverkan dehar på vävnaden runt tandimplantat. De förbättringar som visats är viss reduktion avfickdjup, blödning vid sondering (BOP) och vinst av klinisk fästenivå (CAL). Samtligametoder ger positiv effekt, men i olika grad. Ett flertal studier påvisar betydelsen av godegenvård och regelbundna besök för stödbehandling vilket är av betydelse förimplantatens överlevnad och för att undvika progression av sjukdom. Däremot kan detses en begränsning i hur länge resultatet bibehålls i vävnaden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
dental implant, mucositis, oral health, peri-implantits, supportive care
Keyword [sv]
mukosit, oral hälsa, peri-implantit, stödbehandling, tandimplantat
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-10553OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-10553DiVA: diva2:624772
Educational program
Study Programme in Oral Health
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-05 Created: 2013-06-03 Last updated: 2013-06-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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