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Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda en potentiell organdonator med total hjärninfarkt: en litteraturstudie
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses' experience of caring for a potential organ donor with total cerebral infarction : literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: För att kunna bli organdonator måste en patient avlida i total hjärninfarkt medan han/hon vårdas i respirator. Det är få personer som avlider på detta sätt.  När döden har fastställts får medicinska åtgärder inte fortsätta mer än 24 timmar. Sjuksköterskan som bör vara med i hela processen, står inför flera utmaningar; är patienten lämplig som organdonator? vad är patientens önskan? vad är anhörigas önskan? m.m. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda en potentiell organdonator med diagnostiserad total hjärninfarkt. Metod: Litteraturstudie baserad på nio vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Resultatet presenteras i kategorierna; att möta anhöriga, behovet av kunskap och sjuksköterskans yrkesroll. Familjeperspektivet involverar etik, lagar och känslomässiga aspekter. Många sjuksköterskor uttryckte att de hade bristande kunskap och att det fanns ett stort behov av utbildning kring hur information och stöd ska ges till anhöriga samt hur en potentiell organdonator identifieras. Vård av en organdonator kräver extra resurser och mer emotionellt engagemang, i jämförelse med att vårda levande IVA patienter. Slutsats: Mer forskning inom organdonation kan öka kunskapen och medvetenheten hos allmänheten och sjukvårdspersonal, vilket kan leda till att öka antalet organdonationer.

Abstract [en]

Background: In order to become an organ donor, a patient must die of total cerebral infarct while he/she is placed in a ventilator. There are few people who die like that. When death has been established medical interventions may not continue for more than 24 hours. The nurse, who should be involved in the whole donorprocess, faces several challenges: is the patient suitable as an organ donor? what is the patient's wish? what is the family's wish? Etc. Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate nurses' experience of caring for a potential organ donor diagnosed with total cerebral infarction. Method: Literature review based on nine scientific articles. Results: The results are presented in categories, to meet relatives, the need for knowledge and the nursing profession. Family perspective involves ethics, laws and emotional aspects. Many nurses expressed that they had a lack of knowledge and that there was a great need for education about how information and support should be given to relatives and how a potential organ donor is identified. Caring for an organ donor requires more resources and more emotional involvement, in comparison to caring for a living ICU patient. Conclusion: More research in organ donation can increase knowledge and awareness among the public and health professionals, which may lead to increasing organ donations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
organ donation, experience, nurse, total cerebral infarction
Keyword [sv]
organdonation, upplevelse, sjuksköterska, total hjärninfarkt
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-10308OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-10308DiVA: diva2:610286
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-03-12 Created: 2013-03-10 Last updated: 2013-03-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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