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Främjande av välbefinnande hos patienter med cancersjukdom i ett palliativt skede: Ett patientperspektiv
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Promoting the well-being on patients with cancer in a palliative phase : Patient perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:Varje år drabbas cirka 50 000 personer i Sverigeav cancer. Att vårda människor som drabbats av en obotlig cancersjukdom innebäratt vårda lindrande. Palliativ vård innebär medicinsk behandling och omvårdnadsom är inriktad på symtomlindring och välbefinnande för patienten och dessnärstående. Syfte: Syftet var attbelysa vad som kan främja välbefinnande hos en patient med cancersjukdom i ettpalliativt skede, ur ett patientperspektiv. Metod: En litteraturstudie som inkluderade 18 artiklar, varav 15kvalitativa (därav en fallstudie), samt tre kvantitativa artiklar. Resultat: Delaktighet i beslut ochomvårdnad var av betydelse, samt vikten av att ha sin religiösa tro som hjälptetill att upprätthålla ett hopp i livet. För att uppnå ett välbefinnande vargoda relationer mellan personal och patient betydelsefulla. Även att patientenkände sig sedd och att personalen var engagerad i patienten kunde påverkavälbefinnandet. Då det inte fanns så mycket tid kvar i livet var det avbetydelse att kunna få bo på den plats patienten själv önskade och attsamtidigt känna sig fri från fysisk och psykisk smärta. Resultatdiskussion: Betydelsen av delaktighet och kommunikation varolika för olika patienter. Genom att respektera patientens önskan omdelaktighet kunde patienten uppleva autonomi. Fanns en kommunikation mellansjuksköterska och patient kunde omvårdnadsbehov lättare identifieras. Slutsats: Delar av resultatet somframkommit är faktorer som kunde åtgärdas i vardagen med relativt små medel,men som kunde bli betydelsefullt för patienten. Resultatet kan finnas i åtankenär vårdpersonal behandlar patienter med olika sorters diagnoser.

Abstract [en]

Background: Every year approximately 50 000 people in Sweden suffers by a cancer diagnosis. Caring for people suffering from incurable cancer means palliative care. Palliative care is a medical treatment and nursing focusing on relieve of symptoms, as well as the well-being of patients and relatives. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to illustrate factors that can promote the well-being of a patient living with cancer, in a palliative phase. The perspective in this study is from a patient’s point of view. Methods: A literature review that containing 18 articles. 14 were qualitative, one was a case study and three were quantitative articles. Results: Involvement in decisions and care was of importance, as well as having their religious beliefs that helped them to maintain hope in life. To achieve well-being, good relationships between staff and patient were important. Because it was little time left in life, it was important to be able to live in a place that the patient felt comfortable, as well as feeling free from physical and mental pain. Discussion: The significance of participation and communication were different for all patients. By respecting a patient's desire for participation, the experience of autonomy could be fulfilled. The communication between nurse and patient was of importance to identify care needs. Conclusion: Part of the result showed that things could be addressed in daily life with relatively small funds, but were of big importance for the patient. The result can be a reminder when health professional treats patients with different types of diagnosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
cancer, palliative care, well-being, quality of life
Keyword [sv]
cancer, palliativ vård, välbefinnande, livskvalité
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-10235OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-10235DiVA: diva2:606595
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-02-26 Created: 2013-02-18 Last updated: 2013-02-26Bibliographically approved

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