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Hur det dagliga livet påverkas efter cystektomi på grund av urinblåsecancer
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Urinblåsecancer finns i olika former och vid muskelinvasiv cancer är radikal operation den vanligaste behandlingen. Förutsatt att cancern inte spridit sig, då görs en cystektomi. Många människor har en naturlig förmåga att hantera kriser och skapar ny balans i tillvaron efter en påfrestande händelse i livet. Sjuksköterskan kan ge råd och stöd i situationen och bör då ha kunskap om förändringar i personens fysiska och psykiska tillstånd. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa hur personer som genomgått cystektomi på grund av urinblåsecancer upplevde att det dagliga livet påverkades. Metod: En litteraturstudie har gjorts där 15 vetenskapliga artiklar har granskats. Resultat: Personerna drabbades av olika problem efter cystektomin. Urinproblem, buk- och avföringsproblem och livsförändring var tydliga, men även problem med en förändrad kroppsuppfattning och problem med det sociala stödet kom fram. Slutsats: Det är olika faktorer som påverkar det dagliga livet efter en cystektomi. Kunskap i hur personerna kan reagera är viktig för sjuksköterskan, för att kunna bemöta problemen och ge råd och stöd om olika copingstrategier för att hantera situationen. Då kan individuell omvårdnad ges, utifrån varje persons behov.

Abstract [en]

Background: Bladder cancer exists in different forms and in muscle invasive cancer, radical surgery is the standard treatment. Assuming that the cancer has not spread, then, a cystectomy is done. Many people have a natural ability to handle crises and generate a new personal balance. A nurse can offer advice and support in the situation and should have knowledge of changes in the person's physical and mental condition. Aim: The aim was to illustrate how people who have undergone cystectomy because of bladder cancer felt that their daily lives were affected. Methods: A literature review has been done where 15 scientific papers have been reviewed. Results: The subjects suffered from various problems after cystectomy. Urinary Problems, abdominal and stool problems, and change in life were common, but also problems with an altered body image and problems with social support occurred. Conclusion: There are different factors that affect the daily lives after a cystectomy. Knowledge of how people might react is important for nurses, in order to address the problems and provide advice and support on various coping strategies to deal with the situation. When that is the case, individual care can be given, based on each person's needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012.
Keywords [en]
Bladder cancer, support, coping, daily life
Keywords [sv]
Urinblåsecancer, stöd, coping, dagligt liv
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9882OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-9882DiVA, id: diva2:573296
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-02-19 Created: 2012-11-30 Last updated: 2013-02-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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