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Oral hälsa hos personer som tidigare drabbats av stroke
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Oral health of people with a history of stroke (English)
Abstract [sv]

Stroke är den tredje vanligaste dödsorsaken och i Sverige drabbas varje år cirka 30 000 personer. I världen dör varje år cirka 6,2 miljoner människor av stroke. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att undersöka förekomsten av problem relaterade till oral hälsa hos personer som tidigare drabbats av stroke. Studien utfördes i form av en litteraturstudie. Materialet samlades in genom sökningar i databaserna PubMed och Science Direct. Det gjordes även en manuell sökning och det slutliga resultatet baserades på en sammanställning av tio vetenskapliga artiklar.

Resultatet visade att ett flertal studier har funnit ett samband av ökad förekomst av parodontit hos personer som tidigare drabbats av stroke. Det visades även att det inte fanns något statistiskt signifikant samband av ökad kariesförekomst i några studier. Svårigheter med att tugga, äta, svälja, tala tydligt och upprätthålla god munhygien var problem som var relaterade till oral hälsa och som ofta förekom. De flesta personerna var missnöjda med utseendet av tänderna och de ansåg sig ha sämre oral hälsorelaterad livskvalitet jämfört med kontrollgrupp.

Slutsatsen med denna studie visar att problem med den orala hälsan är vanligt hos personer som drabbats av stroke.

Abstract [en]

Stroke is the third most common cause of death, and in Sweden approximately 30 000 people are affected every year. Worldwide, about 6.2 million people die each year by the cause of stroke. The purpose of this literature study was to investigate the occurrence of problems related to oral health in individuals with a history of stroke. The study was carried out as a literature review. The data was collected through searches in the databases “PubMed” and “Science Direct”. There has also been a manual search and the final result was based on a statement made from ten scientific articles.

The result showed that many studies have found an association between increased occurrences of periodontitis in individuals with a history of stroke. There is no statistically significant association of increased caries reported. Difficulties in chewing, eating, swallowing, speaking clearly and maintaining good oral hygiene was a problem related to oral health which often occurred. Individuals with stroke were unhappy with the appearance of their teeth and considered themselves to have poorer oral health-related quality of life compared to the control group.

The conclusion of this study is that problems with oral health are common in individuals who suffered a stroke. More research is needed to determine if there is a relationship between individuals who suffered a stroke and dental caries and periodontal disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
dental caries, oral health, quality of life, periodontitis, stroke
Keyword [sv]
karies, oral hälsa, oral hälsorelaterad livskvalitet, parodontit, stroke
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9339OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-9339DiVA: diva2:530844
Educational program
Study Programme in Oral Health
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-06-05 Created: 2012-06-04 Last updated: 2012-06-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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