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Har BMI betydelse i skolan?: En studie om samband mellan övervikt/fetma och skolupplevelser hos elvaåringar.
Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Does BMI importance in school? : A study on the relationship between overweight/obesity and school experiences of eleven year olds. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sveriges folkhälsopolitik utgår idag från elva folkhälsomålområden. I målen finns bland annat fysisk aktivitet, goda matvanor och barns trygga uppväxtvillkor. Övervikt och fetma är ett utbrett och ökande folkhälsoproblem i Sverige, vilket kan leda till bland annat hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar och diabetes. Bland barn och ungdomar har prevalensen för övervikt och fetma fördubblats de senaste två decennierna. Orsaken till övervikt och fetma är främst en obalans i energiintag och förbrukning, men även andra levnadsvanor kan ha en betydelse. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att studera relationen mellan elvaåringars BMI och deras skolupplevelse samt deras levnadsvanor. Material/Metod: Studien utgår från data insamlade av Statens Folkhälsoinstitut (FHI). Datan är insamlad via enkätundersökningen Skolbarns hälsovanor, som är en del av en internationell undersökning om barns hälsa. I den här studien fokuseras det på elvaåriga elever. Data analyserades i SPSS Statistics och skillnader hypotestestades med ANOVA och Chi 2-test. Resultat: Elever med övervikt eller fetma blir i större utsträckning mobbade och trivs sämre i skolan än elever med normalvikt. De upplever sig även få mindre hjälp av pedagoger och lärare under lektionstid. Trivs eleven i skolan har den en ökad chans att prestera bättre. Att vara fysiskt aktiv samvarierar med att eleven upplever sig duktigare i skolan och känner sig piggare. Piggare känner sig även elever som regelbundet äter frukost på vardagarna. Studien visar också på ett samband mellan god sömn och lägre BMI- värde. Konklusion: Skolan är en arena för preventivt arbete mot övervikt och fetma, eftersom barns BMI har ett samband med deras sociala samspel i skolan. Skolan har också möjlighet att arbeta med barns levnadsvanor gällande kost och fysisk aktivitet då barnen spenderar mycket tid där. Det är även viktigt i det preventiva arbetet att barnen får en god sömn, vilket är föräldrarnas ansvar.

Abstract [en]

Background: The Swedish politics relating to public health are currently divided into eleven different areas of public health goals. The aims contain physical activity, a healthy relationship to food and a safeguard during early stages of a child’s life. Issues such as overweight and obesity are a widespread and increasing public health problem in Sweden. This is an area for the politics to change through the established goals. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has doubled during the last two decades among children and teenagers. The reason for weight-related problems and obesity is mostly a poor balance between the energy - consumption and the exhaustion of energy, which can for instance lead to different heart-diseases and diabetes but other lifestyle factors are important as well. Object and purpose: The purpose of this study is to scrutinize the relationship between the BMI of eleven-year olds and their school-experiences and their practice of living. Material/Method: The study has its support in data collected by the The Swedish National Institute of Public Health  (Statens Folkhälsoinstitut [FHI]). The data is collected through surveys included in the over-all study of schoolchildren’s health-behavior, systematically carried out by the FHI. The health-behavior of schoolchildren is a part of an international analysis of the health of children. This study focuses on eleven-year old students. The data provided by the FHI was analyzed by SPSS Statistics in order to discover relations between the variables, data was analyzed with the Chi 2 – test and Anova. Results: Pupils that are overweight or suffer from obesity are more likely to be bullied and show a lower enjoyment when it comes to attending school than pupils with a normal weight. They also feel like they are not paid the equal attention from pedagogues during lessons. A student that feels comfortable in school has greater prospects for increasing his/her educational accomplishments. Physical activity does generate an enhanced well-being and well-function of the student when it comes to engaging during lessons as well as gaining an increased ability to concentrate. Students that regularly eat breakfast are more alert as well. The study provides indications for a parallel between a good night of sleep and lower BMI. Conclusion: The school is an excellent arena for preventive work against overweight and obesity. This is for the reason that the BMI of children is affected by their social games, which are, to a high extent initiated in school. The school has also a great possibility to work with children’s habits of living in terms of nutrition and physical activity because of the simple fact that children spend numerous hours a day in school. It is also crucial for the preventive work that children get a good rest during the night, which falls within the scope of the responsibility of the parents to ensure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
children, school, overweight, participation, bullying, communication, learning, sleep,  social interactions
Keyword [sv]
barn,  skola,  övervikt,  delaktighet,  mobbning, samspel,  kommunikation, lärande sömn
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9303OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-9303DiVA: diva2:527433
Educational program
Study Programme in Health Promotion and Education
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-05-21 Created: 2012-05-21 Last updated: 2012-05-21Bibliographically approved

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Har BMI betydelse i skolan?(683 kB)413 downloads
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