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Copingstrategier som smärtlindring vid omläggning av brännsår: En litteraturstudie
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Coping strategies for pain relief duringdressing changes of burn wounds : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Varje år brännskadas cirka 23000 personer i Sverige så svårt att de kräver vård. Smärtan som följer behandlingen av skadan är oftast väldigt intensiv och påfrestande för patienten. Syfte: Att undersöka hur olika copingstrategier kan ha en smärtlindrande effekt vid såromläggning av brännskadade patienter. Metod: En litteraturstudie med ett systematiskt arbetssätt. Resultatet bygger på 17 vetenskapliga artiklar och en licentiatavhandling. Resultat: Avledning, avslappning och hanterbarhet visade sig vara de centrala fynden vid de olika copingstrategierna. Beroende på vilken strategi patienten använder sig av varierar tyngdpunkten mellan de olika fynden. Slutsats: Smärtintensitet, aktivering och hanterbarhet var viktiga faktorer som kan påverka copingförmågan och därmed smärtlindringen. För att kunna hjälpa patienter att bemästra sin situation på ett adekvat sätt är det viktigt för sjuksköterskor att bli medvetna om betydelsen av dessa faktorer.

Abstract [en]

Background: Each year about 23,000 people in Sweden are burned so badly that they require care. The pain resulting from treatment of the burns is usually very intense and stressful for the patient. Aim: To investigate how different coping strategies can have an analgesic effect during dressing changes of patients suffering from burns. Method: A literature review with a systematic approach. The result is based on 17 scientific articles and one licentiate dissertation. Result: Distraction, relaxation and manageability emerged as the central findings at the various coping strategies. Depending on what strategy the patient uses vary the emphasis between the findings. Conclusion: Pain intensity, activation and manageability were key factors that can affect copingabilities and thus pain relief. In order to help patients cope with their situation in an adequate manner, it is important for nurses to become aware of the importance of these factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
Burns, Coping, Diversion, Manageability, Pain, Relaxation
Keyword [sv]
Avledning, Avslappning, Brännskador, Coping, Hanterbarhet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9131OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-9131DiVA: diva2:508889
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-03-19 Created: 2012-03-10 Last updated: 2012-03-19Bibliographically approved

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62f3bfc92dbcf254e60976585f95a694a683bf8a0281cd562dd895347b2f4ce1151d97eb509d193a2aaa49f6cf3ecf6ea6830edad15cd90a9f0d84560b9eec13
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • Other locale
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