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Kunskap och uppfattning om tandhälsa samt munhygienvanor hos ungdomar med invandrarbakgrund
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Knowledge of dental health and oral hygiene habits among adolescents of immigrant origin (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: En god tandhälsa innebär att tänderna och munhålan är fria från smärtaeller obehag, samt att det finns en god tuggfunktion. Tandhälsa är en del av denallmänna hälsan och bidrar till välbefinnande hos människor.

Syftet med studien var att undersöka kunskaper om tandhälsa och munhygienvanorhos 16-19- åringar med invandrarbakgrund. Ett ytterligare syfte var att undersökaderas uppfattningar om munhälsa.

Material och metod: Studien är empirisk och kvantitativ och utfördes medanvändning av en enkät. Datainsamlingen gjordes vid tre gymnasieskolor i södraSverige. Två klasser från varje gymnasieskola valdes ut som hade högt antal elevermed invandrarbakgrund. Av 90 elever med invandrarbakgrund inkluderades 87 (97%) elever i studien.

Resultat: Eleverna hade goda kunskaper om munhygienvanor. De flesta användetandborste och tandkräm två gånger dagligen. De hade de goda kunskaper om karies.Däremot visade de brist på kunskap om fluor och gingivit. De flesta av elevernatyckte att tandhälsan var viktig för dem.

Slutsats: Eleverna uppgav ganska goda munhygienvanor. När det gäller kunskaperom tandhälsa fanns goda kunskaper vad som orsakar karies men inte gingivit.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: A good dental health can be defined as the teeth and oral cavity is free from pain and discomfort. Dental health is a part of the general and is related to the quality of life.

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess knowledge in dental health and oral hygiene among 16-19-year-old immigrant-students. The student’s perception of oral health is also assessed.

Materials and methods: This study is quantitative and is conducted with a questionnaire. Data was collected at three high schools in the South of Sweden. Two classes with students with immigrant origins were selected. Out of 90 participated 87 (97 %) were included in the study.

Result: Results showed that the students had a good knowledge in oral hygiene habits. Most of them used a tooth brush and tooth paste twice a day. They also had a good knowledge in dental caries. However, there was a lack of knowledge about fluoride and gingivitis. Most of the students thought that the dental health was of importance.

Conclusion: The participated had good oral hygiene habits. They had good knowledge about dental caries, but not about gingivitis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Keyword [en]
dental health of young people, Immigrants, knowledge, oral hygiene habits, oral health, perceptions
Keyword [sv]
invandrare, kunskap, munhygienvanor, munhälsa, tandhälsa, ungdomar, uppfattningar
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-8837OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-8837DiVA: diva2:469887
Educational program
Study Programme in Oral Health
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-12-27 Created: 2011-12-27 Last updated: 2011-12-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf