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Anpassad undervisning till vuxna patienter med astma bronkiale: sjuksköterskans undervisande roll
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Customized training for adult patient with asthma bronchial : Nurse’s educational role (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Astma är en folksjukdom som ökar kraftigt bland den svenska befolkningen. Sjukdomens svårighetsgrad kan påverka livskvalitet och arbetsförmågan.För att kunna hantera sjukdomen och minska besvären kan sjuksköterskan lära ut handlingar för egenvård. Syfte: Att belysa hur sjuksköterskor undervisar vuxna patienter med astma bronkiale. Metod: Litteraturstudien grundade sig på tidigare forskning och användes 10 vetenskapliga artiklar från Cinahl, PubMed och Psykinfodatabas. Artiklarna har varit både kvalitativa och kvantitativa. Resultat: Litteraturstudie visade sig på tre olika huvudkategorier. Sjuksköterskan förmedlar kunskap om egenvård genom att göra patienten delaktig, utforma individuellt anpassad utbildning och involvera anhöriga. Att upprätta handlingsplan görs tillsammans med patienten med hjälp av sjuksköterskan. Att kommunicera och ge stöd är en viktig komponent i patientens behandling. Slutsats: Inom vården kan man utgå från Orems och Suzie Kims domäner för en god egenvård. Egenvård bör utföras så gott som möjligt för att främja patientens välbefinnande.

Abstract [en]

Background: Asthma is a widespread disease that is increasing dramatically among the Swedish population. Diseases severity may affect quality of live and working ability. Inorder to cope with the disease and improve health nurse can teach acts of self-care. Aim: To illuminate how nurses teach adult patients with asthma bronchial. Method:The literature review is based on previous research and used 10 scientific articles from database, Cinahl, PubMed and PsycInfo. The review has encompassed both qualitative and quantitative reference. Results: The analysis of the articles revealed three different main categories. The nurse conveys knowledge about self-care by making patient involvement, develop individualized education and involve relatives. The preparation of action plan with the patient is positive for the treatment. To communicate and provide support is an important component of patient treatment. Conclusion: In healthcare it can be assumed Orems and Suzie Kims domains for a good self-care. Self-care should be performed as best as possible to promote patient comfort.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Asthma, Adults, Nurses, Education, Self-care, Action plan
Keyword [sv]
Astma, Vuxna, Sjuksköterskor, Undervisning, Egenvård, Handlingsplan
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-8559OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-8559DiVA: diva2:442251
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-09-21 Created: 2011-09-20 Last updated: 2011-09-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • fi-FI
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf