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Att identifiera smärta hos personer med demenssjukdom: ur vårdpersonalens perspektiv
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Identifying pain in people with dementia : From health professionals perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Studier visar att smärta är vanligt förekommande hos äldre personer som bor på särskilt boende. Dock kan det vara svårupptäckt speciellt hos personer med demenssjukdom som har svårt att uttrycka sig genom ord. Demens är ett samlingsnamn på olika symtom som beror på att hjärnans funktion är skadad. Sjukdomen kan ge minnessvårigheter, språkliga svårigheter samt påverkan på beteendet. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa hur vårdpersonalen kan identifiera smärta hos personer med demenssjukdom som har svårt att uttrycka sig genom ord. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt med ett systematiskt arbetssätt. Datainsamlingen genomfördes i databaserna PubMed och PsycINFO samt genom manuella sökningar. Resultat: Resultatet visade att smärta kan identifieras hos personer med demenssjukdom genom bland annat att iaktta ansiktsuttryck, kroppsspråk, lyssna på ljud samt genom beteendeförändringar. Det visade sig att vårdpersonalen hade bristande kunskaper om smärtbedömning. En god relation till personen är en viktig utgångspunkt för att kunna identifiera smärta samt att ha kännedom om personens vanor och beteende. Slutsats: Kunskap, utbildning samt kontinuitet bland vårdpersonalen är viktiga aspekter vid identifiering av smärta. Samarbete mellan yrkesgrupperna underlättar även identifieringen av smärta.

Abstract [en]

Background: Studies show that pain is common among elderly persons living in special accommodations. However, it can be hard to detect in individuals with dementia who have difficulty expressing themselves by words. Dementia is a generic term for various symptoms attributable to damaged brain function. The disease can cause memory difficulties, language difficulties and an impact on behavior. Aim: The purpose of this study was to highlight how health professionals can identify pain in people with dementia who have difficulty expressing themselves by words. Method: The study was conducted as a literature review with a systematic approach. Data collection was conducted in PubMed and PsycINFO and by manual searches. Findings: The results showed that pain can be identified in people with dementia by among other things observing facial expressions, body language, listening to sounds as well as behavioral changes. It was found that caregivers had insufficient knowledge about pain assessment. A good relationship with the person is an important starting point for the identification of pain and to have knowledge about the person's habits and behavior. Conclusion: Knowledge, education and continuity of healthcare staff are important aspects in the identification process of pain. Cooperation between professional healthcare staff groups can also facilitate the identification of pain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Dementia, pain, health professionals
Keyword [sv]
demens, smärta, vårdpersonal
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-8468OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-8468DiVA: diva2:438579
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Presentation
(Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-09-05 Created: 2011-09-03 Last updated: 2011-09-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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