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Resan genom Alzheimers sjukdom: ur anhörigas perspektiv
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The journey through Alzheimer's disease : from the relatives' perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Demens tillhör en av Sveriges största folksjukdomar och idag finns det cirka 150 000 personer som lider utav någon form av demenssjukdom, varav Alzheimers sjukdom är den vanligaste formen. Sjukdomen medför kognitiv nedsättning som successivt försämras under sjukdomsförloppet och ställer då allt högre krav på den sjukes familj. Syfte: Att beskriva upplevelsen av att vara anhörig till en person med Alzheimers sjukdom. Metod: Studien utfördes som en litteraturöversikt där 15 kvalitativa artiklar granskades och analyserades. Resultat: I resultatet framkom det att anhöriga upplevde en mängd olika känslor under sjukdomsprocessen, vilka kunde skilja sig beroende på vilken relation de hade till den sjuke. Känslorna var såväl positiva som negativa, med dominans av den negativa upplevelsen. Anhöriga upplevde bland annat ovisshet, sorg, förändrade roller, skuld och längtan efter det tidigare livet. Slutsats: När en person drabbas av Alzheimers sjukdom påverkas hela familjen och en stor livsförändring sker. Eftersom sjuksköterskan ofta är en naturlig samtalspartner är det viktigt att hon uppmärksammar den anhöriges upplevelser och genom förståelsen kan hon hjälpa anhöriga att uppleva situationen som meningsfull. Denna studie är menad att belysa anhörigas upplevelser och medvetandegöra att såväl den sjuke som dess anhörige är i behov av omtanke och stöd.

Abstract [en]

Background: Dementia is one of Sweden's most common diseases, and there are today currently about 150 000 people suffering of some form of dementia, of which Alzheimer's disease is the most common form. The disease results in cognitive impairment that gradually deteriorate during the course of the disease and be more demanding for their family. Aim: To describe the experience of being a relative of a person with Alzheimer's disease. Method: The study was performed as a literature study in which 15 qualitative articles were reviewed and analyzed. Result: The results revealed that relatives experienced a variety of emotions during the disease process, which could vary depending on the relationship they had for the ill familymember. The feelings were both positive and negative, with the dominance of the negative experience. Relatives perceived among other things uncertainty, grief, changing roles, guilt and longing for the past life. Conclusion: Since nurses often are a natural interlocutor, it´s important that they recognizes relative's experiences and through this understanding, they can support relatives to experience the situation as meaningful. This study is meant to highlight the family's experiences and awareness that both the ill family member and his or her relative is in need of kindness and support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Alzheime´s disease, relative, experience
Keyword [sv]
Alzheimers sjukdom, anhörig, upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-8466OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-8466DiVA: diva2:438529
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-09-23 Created: 2011-09-02 Last updated: 2011-09-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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