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Hot- och våldssituationer inom psykiatrin: ur ett personal och patientperspektiv
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Threatening and violent situations within in the field of psychiatry : from a staff and patient perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hot och våld är vanligt förekommande inom psykiatrin. Hur sjuksköterskan bemöter en aggressiv eller våldsam patient kan vara avgörande för om mer aggression eller våld trappas upp. Konflikter som kan leda till att hot och våld uppstår sker oftast i interaktionen mellan sjuksköterska och patient. Därför behöver hon kunskaper om olika faktorer som har betydelse för bemötandet av hotfulla eller aggressiva patienter.Syfte: Syftet var att belysa faktorer som har betydelse för sjuksköterskans bemötande i hot- och våldssituationer inom psykiatrin.Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie och resultatet är baserades på elva vetenskapliga artiklar.Resultat: I resultatet framkom tre kategorier som hade betydelse för sjuksköterskans bemötande i hot- och våldssituationer. Dessa var sjuksköterskans kommunikationsförmåga, relation till patienten och personlighet.Diskussion: Våldsincidenter inom psykiatrin kan begränsas om sjuksköterskan har kunskap om vad hon förmedlar genom sin attityd, kommunikation och känslor. Slutsats: Utbildning i bemötande av hot och våld behövs för en tryggare vård för patienten och en säkrare arbetsplats för sjuksköterskan.

Abstract [en]

Background: Threats and violence occurs frequently within the field of psychiatry. How the nurse communicate and act towards an aggressive or violent patient can determine if the aggression escalates into violence. Conflicts that can lead to threats and violence often emerge from the interaction between patient and nurse. Therefore the nurse needs knowledge of different factors that are of importance in her reply towards threatening and violent patients.The aim: The aim of the study was to describe factors that are significant for the nurse´s reply in threatening and violent encounters.Method: The study is conducted as a literature study, and the result is based on eleven scientific articles.Result: Three categories that were significant for the nurse reply in threatening and violent situations emerged in the result. The categories were the nurse´s communicative skills, relation with the patient and her personality. These factors can affect violent situations.Discussion: Violent incidents within the field of psychiatry can be limited if the nurse has knowledge of what she convey´s thru her attitude, communication, and feelings. Conclusion: Education in how to act and reply in threatening and violent encounters is needed for a safer care of patients and a more secure workplace for nurses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
nurse, patient, violence, factors, reply
Keyword [sv]
sjuksköterska, patient, våld, faktorer, bemötande
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-8386OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-8386DiVA: diva2:430653
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-07-12 Created: 2011-07-11 Last updated: 2011-07-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • Other locale
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