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Sömnkvalité hos patienter: Vilka faktorer påverkar sömnen under sjukhusvistelsen?
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Sleep quality in patients : What factors affect the sleep during hospitalization? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sömnen har en viktig betydelse för hälsan hos både friska och sjuka individer. Under sjukhusvistelsen upplever patienter besvär med sömnen och dessa besvär underskattas ofta av sjukvårdspersonalen. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa patienters sömn under sjukhusvistelsen samt beskriva vilka faktorer som stör sömnen. Metod: Litteraturstudien innefattar 11 granskade artiklar som har sammanställts till ett resultat med två kategorier och fyra underkategorier. Litteraturstudien genomfördes enligt Polit & Becks flödesschema. Resultat: Sömnen hos inneliggande patienter var förändrad från det normala, dock sågs en förbättring av sömnen ju längre patienterna låg inne på sjukhus. Den åldersgrupp som uppvisade lägst sömnkvalité var äldre patienter då de var mer känsliga för yttre stimuli än yngre patienter. Faktorer i miljön som exempelvis ljud var den främsta orsaken till störd sömn. Andra faktorer som också upplevdes besvärande för sömnen var exempelvis smärta, oro och rädsla. Även sjuksköterskans nattliga rutiner gav upphov till sömnstörningar hos patienterna. Diskussion: Många faktorer som stör sömnen kan elimineras med hjälp av enkla omvårdnadsåtgärder, men mer kunskap behövs hos sjuksköterskan för att kunna undanröja det som hindrar en god natts sömn under sjukhusvistelsen.

Abstract [en]

Background: Sleep has an important significance for the health of both healthy and ill individuals. During hospitalization patients experience sleeping problems and these troubles are often underestimated by medical staff. Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate patients' sleep during the hospitalization and to describe the factors that disturb sleep. Method: The literature study includes 11 peer-reviewed articles that have been compiled into a result with two categories and four sub-categories. The literature review was conducted according to Polit & Beck's flow of tasks. Results: The sleep of hospitalized patients is different from the norm, however, an improvement in sleep was found the longer patients were in hospital. The age group who showed the lowest sleep quality was elderly patients as they were more sensitive to external stimuli. Factors in the environment such as noise were the main cause of disturbed sleep. Other factors that also was experienced by patients as disturbing was for example pain, anxiety and fear. The nurses’ nightly routines also gave rise to sleep disorders in patients. Discussion: Many factors disturbing sleep can be eliminated with simple nursing tasks, but more knowledge is needed among nurses to overcome the obstacles hindering a good night’s sleep during hospitalization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
Sleep, patient, hospital, environment, nursing
Keyword [sv]
Sömn, patient, sjukhus, miljö, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-7778OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-7778DiVA: diva2:396405
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-02-16 Created: 2011-02-09 Last updated: 2011-02-16Bibliographically approved

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