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Hur patienter med obotlig cancer upplever palliativ omvårdnad
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How patients with incurable cancer experience palliative care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Det beräknas att nästan var tredje person i Sverige kommer att få en cancerdiagnos i framtiden. Ungefär 40 % utav cancerfallen går inte att bota. Det finns en ökad förståelse för att den palliativa omvårdnaden är viktig för att fullända obotligt sjuka patienters välbefinnande. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva hur patienter med obotlig cancer upplever palliativ omvårdnad. Metod: Studien har genomförts som en allmän litteraturstudie. Litteraturstudien baserades på tio vetenskapliga artiklar som valts ut systematiskt, granskats och analyserats för att slutligen ge en bild över valt område. Resultat: Patienter som fick delta i sin palliativa omvårdnad och ha ett nära samarbete med sjuksköterskorna upplevde ett bättre humör, minskad oro och bättre livskvalité. Informationen från vårdpersonalen upplevdes ofta som intensiv. Patienterna uttryckte att de upplevde flera olika aspekter av lidande. Dessa var både fysiska och psykosociala. Patienterna upplevde att deras psykosociala behov var otillräckligt uppfyllda utav vårdpersonalen. Konklusion: För att uppnå en god palliativ omvårdnad är det betydelsefullt att som vårdpersonal skapa en fungerande kommunikation, bekräfta patienternas psykiska lidande och inte överge patienterna. Patienterna bör få uppleva att de är värdefulla individer även om de inte kan botas.

Abstract [en]

Background: It’s an estimation that nearly one third of the Swedish population will get a cancer diagnosis in the future. About 40% of these cancer cases are incurable. There’s an increased understanding that the palliative care is important to improve the wellbeing of terminally ill patients. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe how patients with incurable cancer experience palliative care. Method: The study has been conducted as a literature review, based on ten scientific articles that have been systematically selected, reviewed and analyzed to give an image of the selected area. Results: Patients that were allowed to participate in their palliative care and work closely with nurses experienced an improved mood, reduced anxiety and better quality of life. The information from the medical staff was often perceived as intense. The patients expressed that they experienced various aspects of suffering. These were both physical and psychosocial. The patients felt that their psychosocial needs werein adequately met by the nursing staff. Conclusion: To achieve good palliative care it’s important with an appropriate communication, confirmation of the psychological suffering and to not abandon patients. Patients should experience that they are valued individuals even if they can not be cured.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
palliative care, incurable cancer, experience
Keyword [sv]
palliativ omvårdnad, obotlig cancer, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-7768OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-7768DiVA: diva2:396025
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-02-09 Created: 2011-02-08 Last updated: 2011-02-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • vancouver
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More styles
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