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The work experience measurement scale (WEMS): a useful tool in workplace health promotion
Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. (Tema Människa Hälsa Samhälle, Folkhälsovetenskap)
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9283-5096
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
2013 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 45, no 3, 379-387 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To present validity data for the Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS), an instrument measuring multifaceted work experience from a salutogenic health resource perspective as a contrast to the more common pathogenic risk perspective, by exploring WEMS relationship to established measurements that are positively related to health and work. A salutogenic perspective focuses on finding conditions and resources in life, for example at work, that can enhance the individual's health and strength, instead of those causing illness and weakness.

METHOD: This study was carried out in 2009 at a Swedish hospital with a web-based survey (WEMS) to 770 employees. Different occupational groups at the hospital participated. Additional questionnaires used at the same time were the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9), the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS), the General Self-Efficacy scale (GSE), and three questions about self-rated health, general well-being, and quality of life.

RESULTS: Cronbach's Alpha of WEMS sub-indices were in the interval of 0.85—0.96. Convergent validity and discriminant validity of WEMS and its sub-indices were shown to be satisfying by correlations. In addition, WEMS demonstrated the ability to discriminate between groups. WEMS sub-indices discriminated even better between groups than the total index.

CONCLUSION: The WEMS proved to be a workplace health promotion questionnaire that was able to measure experiences of work from a salutogenic perspective. The WEMS has a potential of being a useful tool in workplace health promotion to enhance positive human capabilities and resources to improve work performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 45, no 3, 379-387 p.
Keyword [en]
Work experience, measurement, scale, salutogenic, workplace health promotion
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-7488DOI: 10.3233/WOR-121541ISI: 000323484000012PubMedID: 23324702OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-7488DiVA: diva2:374109
Available from: 2010-12-02 Created: 2010-12-02 Last updated: 2014-10-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Enhance your workplace!: a dialogue tool for workplace health promotion with salutogenic approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enhance your workplace!: a dialogue tool for workplace health promotion with salutogenic approach
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis was to develop and make a quality assessment of a tool, which includes a questionnaire and a dialogue process that could be useful for workplace health promotion from a salutogenic point of view. The studies have been performed within two health care organizations between 2005 and 2009, together with hospital staff. Two questionnaire studies were conducted (n=446 n=505, respectively). A focus group interview study was performed (n=78), and meetings were held in an action research process for applying a questionnaire process at two wards (n=69). The result shows a development process for a multi-dimensional questionnaire, the Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS), which can be used to measure work experiences from a salutogenic perspective. WEMS was shown to be a functional workplace health promotion questionnaire with the ability to discriminate between groups. Its psychometric properties support its applicability in health care settings and offer a possibility to measure trends over time regarding employees´ work experiences. A dialogue structure for progress in the questionnaire process is presented. It describes what to precede and how to proceed through a workplace questionnaire process to foster applicability, meaningfulness, and sustainability. Through WEMS, the outcome of work-related Specific Enhancing Resources (SER) may be highlighted and strengthened in workplace activities. When used as a dialogue tool in a continuous questionnaire process, WEMS has the potential of being a useful assessment tool in workplace health promotion. Such a dialogue tool is useful in discussions and tangible for the work of enhancing positive human capabilities and resources (SER) that improve work performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Institution of Clinical Science, Malmö, Lund University, 2010. 159 p.
Series
Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1652-8220 ; 2010:112
Keyword
workplace health promotion, Salutogenesis, Sense of Coherence, Work Experience Measurement Scale, Specific Enhancing Resources, questionnaire process
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-7484 (URN)978-91-86671-28-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-11-19, Jubileumsaulan, Medicinskt forskningscentrum, ingång 59, SUS, Malmö, 09:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-12-02 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2014-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation
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