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Workplace health resources based on sense of coherence theory
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9283-5096
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Lund University.
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Workplace Health Management, ISSN 1753-8351, Vol. 5, no 3, 156-167 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – In workplace health promotion, enhancing resources are less explored than risk factors. The aim of this paper is to explore the usability of the sense of coherence (SOC) theory to identify considerable and positively perceived work-related factors and processes.

Design/methodology/approach – The study had a salutogenic approach to workplace health promotion. A total of 13 focus group interviews were conducted with hospital employees in Sweden. A deductive analysis was made with the SOC theory as a framework.

Findings – Work-related specific enhancing resources (SER) were identified and analysed into the three components of SOC: comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness. SER's implication in daily performance is explained by employee expressions. Through increased understanding and awareness, SER could contribute to savoring positive experiences, and enhance SOC among employees. Antonovsky's concept Generalized Resistance Resources is suggested to be enlarged based on the expressed significance of concrete daily positive work occurrences to increase one's SOC.

Research limitations/implications – Not all hospital professions were represented in the study. Further studies are required to involve physicians, paramedics, managers, as well as other settings, to compare and complement with additional experiences of workplace resources.

Practical implications – The study presents an opportunity to explore, understand, and foster workplace resources through assistance from the SOC theory. The SER presented in this study may serve as initial examples in workplace discussions about work-related resources contributing to a sense of coherence.

Originality/value – This study contributes to public health research and workplace health promotion with a salutogenic focus on how to explore enhancing work-related resources with the assistance of the practical SOC theory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 5, no 3, 156-167 p.
Keyword [en]
Sense of coherence, Specific enhancing resources, Hospital employees, Hospitals, Resources, Workplace, Health services, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-7486DOI: 10.1108/17538351211268809OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-7486DiVA: diva2:374103
Funder
AFA Insurance
Available from: 2010-12-02 Created: 2010-12-02 Last updated: 2014-01-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Enhance your workplace!: a dialogue tool for workplace health promotion with salutogenic approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enhance your workplace!: a dialogue tool for workplace health promotion with salutogenic approach
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis was to develop and make a quality assessment of a tool, which includes a questionnaire and a dialogue process that could be useful for workplace health promotion from a salutogenic point of view. The studies have been performed within two health care organizations between 2005 and 2009, together with hospital staff. Two questionnaire studies were conducted (n=446 n=505, respectively). A focus group interview study was performed (n=78), and meetings were held in an action research process for applying a questionnaire process at two wards (n=69). The result shows a development process for a multi-dimensional questionnaire, the Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS), which can be used to measure work experiences from a salutogenic perspective. WEMS was shown to be a functional workplace health promotion questionnaire with the ability to discriminate between groups. Its psychometric properties support its applicability in health care settings and offer a possibility to measure trends over time regarding employees´ work experiences. A dialogue structure for progress in the questionnaire process is presented. It describes what to precede and how to proceed through a workplace questionnaire process to foster applicability, meaningfulness, and sustainability. Through WEMS, the outcome of work-related Specific Enhancing Resources (SER) may be highlighted and strengthened in workplace activities. When used as a dialogue tool in a continuous questionnaire process, WEMS has the potential of being a useful assessment tool in workplace health promotion. Such a dialogue tool is useful in discussions and tangible for the work of enhancing positive human capabilities and resources (SER) that improve work performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Institution of Clinical Science, Malmö, Lund University, 2010. 159 p.
Series
Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1652-8220 ; 2010:112
Keyword
workplace health promotion, Salutogenesis, Sense of Coherence, Work Experience Measurement Scale, Specific Enhancing Resources, questionnaire process
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-7484 (URN)978-91-86671-28-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-11-19, Jubileumsaulan, Medicinskt forskningscentrum, ingång 59, SUS, Malmö, 09:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-12-02 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2014-10-01Bibliographically approved

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