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Samtalet mellan distriktssköterskan och patienten med nyligen upptäckt essentiell hypertoni: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The conversation between the district nurse and the patient with newly detected essential hypertension : A qualitative interview study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hypertoni relaterat till livsstilsfaktorer är ett ökande problem i Sverige och enligt gällande riktlinjer ska förändringar i livsstilen kopplat till dessa faktorer vara prioriterat i behandlingen av hypertoni. Distriktssköterskans arbete med dessa patienter innefattar att kontrollera blodtrycket och i samband med detta ge råd angående livsstilsförändringar som kan sänka detta. Syftet med studien var att beskriva samtalet med patienten med nyupptäckt essentiell hypertoni såsom det erfars av distriktssköterskan. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats och datamaterial samlades in med kvalitativa, semistrukturerade intervjuer som genomfördes med sju distriktssköterskor.. Analysen av datamaterialet gjordes med hjälp av manifest och latent innehållsanalys och resulterade i följande tre huvudkategorier: alternera mellan olika funktioner, skapa tillit i patientrelationen och anpassa samtalet till patientens behov. Resultatet visade att distriktssköterskorna i samtalet med patienten med hypertoni strävade efter att skapa en tillitsfull relation och i denna erbjuda livsstilsrelaterad omvårdnad.  Distriktssköterskan alternerade i samtalet mellan olika funktioner såsom att fungera som en katalysator och att framföra budskap. Hon arbetade för att se patientens behov. Ibland uppstod dilemman då distriktssköterskan fick prioritera mellan de ämnen som ansågs viktiga för livsstilsförändringar men som kunde anses kränkande för patienten och därmed riskera att skada relationen. Konklusionen av det framkomna resultatet var att samtalet och därmed omvårdnaden av patienten med hypertoni skiljde sig beroende på vilken distriktssköterska denne kom till.

Abstract [en]

Hypertension related to lifestyle factors is an increasing problem in Sweden and according to current guidelines should changes in lifestyle associated with these factors be highly prioritized in the treatment of hypertension. District nurse's work with patients with the diagnosis of hypertension includes checking blood pressure and giving advice in lifestyle changes that can reduce the blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to describe the conversation with the patient with newly discovered essential hypertension as it was experienced by the district nurse. The study has a qualitative approach and was conducted with qualitative, semi-structured interviews with seven district nurses. The analysis of the collected data material was done with a content analysis including both the manifest and latent content and resulted in three main categories; alternate between different functions, create confidence in the relationship with the patient and adapt the conversation to the patients needs. The results showed that the district nurses in the conversation with the patient with hypertension were striving to create a trusting relationship and in this relationship provide lifestyle-related healthcare to the patient. In the conversation the district nurse alternated between various functions such as acting as a catalyst and express messages. She tried to ensure the patient's needs. Sometimes dilemmas arose when the district nurse had to prioritise between topics which were important for lifestyle changes, but could be considered as offensive to the patient. Thereby she prevented negative effects that could impact on the relationship. The conclusion of the result was that the conversation and thus the care of patients with hypertension differed depending on which district nurse the patient came to.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
District nurse, hypertension, conversation, lifestyle, qualitative
Keyword [sv]
Distriktssköterska, hypertoni, samtal, livsstil, kvalitativ
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-7262OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-7262DiVA: diva2:352552
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-09-28 Created: 2010-09-21 Last updated: 2010-09-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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