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Faktorer som påverkar attityder till psykiskt sjuka inom somatisk vård: En litteraturstudie
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Factors that affect attitudes to mentally ill within somatic care : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykiska sjukdomar beräknas drabba var fjärde person i världen. Patienter med psykisk sjukdom drabbas i högre grad av somatiska sjukdomar och vårdas då inom somatisk vård. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva faktorer som påverkar attityder till patienter med psykisk sjukdom hos vårdpersonal inom somatisk vård. Metod: Allmän litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats bestående av systematisk granskning av fjorton kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar. Resultat: Resultatet visade på att vårdpersonalens attityder påverkades av deras upplevelse av brist på kunskap om att vårda psykiskt sjuka. Attityderna påverkades även av brist på stöd från organisationen, negativa känslor inför patienterna som exempelvis rädsla och upplevelser och föreställningar om hur patienterna var. Diskussion: De centrala fynden som framkom var: vårdpersonalens negativa attityder till patienternas tillfrisknande och framtidsutsikter, vårdpersonalens upplevelse av brist på kunskap som gjorde att de undvek patienterna och vårdpersonalens rädsla för att de psykiskt sjuka patienterna skulle bli aggressiva och våldsamma. Dessa fynd diskuterades utifrån Watsons teori om transpersonell omsorg. Slutsatser: Sjuksköterskor måste bli bättre på att tillfredsställa psykologiska, sociala och andliga behov samt uppmuntra och stödja hopp om framtiden hos patienten.

Abstract [en]

Background: Approximately one out of four people in the world are afflicted by mental illness. These patients suffer from somatic diseases to a higher degree and will then require non-psychiatric specialized care. Aim: The aim was to describe factors that affect health professionals' attitudes to patients with mental illness within somatic care. Method: Literature review with a qualitative approach consisting of systematic review of fourteen qualitative and quantitative articles. Results: The results showed that the health professionals experience of lack of knowledge in caring for mentally ill patients which affected their attitudes towards them. Their attitudes were also affected by the lack of support from the organisation, their negative feelings towards the patients as fear and experiences and preconceptions of how the patients are. Discussion: The main findings were: the health professionals' negative attitudes towards the patients' recovery and future, the health professionals' experience of lack of knowledge which made them avoid their patients and the health professionals' fear of aggression and violence from the patients. These findings were discussed against Watson’s theory of transpersonal caring. Conclusions: Nurses needs to improve their ability to satisfy psychological, social and spiritual needs as well as encourage and support hope for the future within the patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
attitude, mentally ill, somatic care, health professionals, transpersonal caring
Keyword [sv]
attityd, psykiskt sjuka, somatisk vård, vårdpersonal, transpersonell omsorg
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-7247OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-7247DiVA: diva2:351528
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-09-21 Created: 2010-09-14 Last updated: 2010-09-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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