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Eutanasi / Dödshjälp: en litteraturstudie ur patientens synvinkel
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Euthanasia – Help to die : a literature review from patients' perspective (English)
Abstract [en]

 

Background: Euthanasia means help to die. Some terminally ill patients wish for euthanasia. Purpose: Illuminating terminally ill patients' desire for voluntary euthanasia. Method: A general literature study. Seven articles were reviewed and analyzed. Results: Patients do not want to live a painful life or die a painful death, patients want control over their lives and feel involved in decisions affecting their lives and the patients want to feel quality of life despite their illness or treatment. The result showed that pain, loss of control and lost quality of life were the major reasons for the terminally ill patients’ wish for euthanasia. Discussion: To understand why these patients wished for euthanasia there was a need to go to the root causes. Pain was the major cause of desire for euthanasia and needs to be illuminated as it was the basis for the two other discoveries, quality of life and control over the patients’ lives. Conclusion: To get terminally ill patients pain-free and meet their individual health needs can change their wish for euthanasia.

 

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Eutanasi är idag synonymt med aktiv dödshjälp. En del obotligt sjuka patienter har en önskan om att avsluta sina liv. Syftet: Belysa obotligt sjuka patienters önskan om frivillig eutanasi. Metod: Allmän litteraturstudie. Sju artiklar granskades och analyserades. Resultat: Patienter vill inte leva ett plågsamt liv eller dö en plågsam död, patienter vill ha kontroll över sitt liv och känna sig delaktiga i beslut som rör deras liv och patienter vill känna livskvalité trots sin sjukdom eller behandling. Resultatet visar att smärta, förlorad kontroll och förlorad livskvalité var de stora orsakerna till att obotligt sjuka önskade eutanasi. Diskussion: För att förstå varför dessa patienter önskade eutanasi bör man gå till de underliggande orsakerna. Smärta som var främsta orsaken till önskan om dödshjälp bör framhävas då den ligger till grund för de andra fynden, livskvalité och kontroll över sitt liv. Slutsats: Att få obotligt sjuka patienter smärtfria och tillgodose deras individuella vårdbehov kan få deras önskan om eutanasi att ändras.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 17 p.
Keyword [en]
Autonomy, Euthanasia, Pain, Patients, Quality of life, Terminal illness
Keyword [sv]
Autonomi, Eutanasi, Livskvalité, Obotlig sjukdom, Patient Smärta
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6864OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-6864DiVA: diva2:329121
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-08-02 Created: 2010-07-08 Last updated: 2010-08-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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