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Artemia salina as test organism for assessment of acute toxicity of leachate water from landfills
Kristianstad University, School of Engineering. (Akvatisk biologi och kemi, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap)
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Lund University.
Kristianstad University, School of Engineering. (Akvatisk biologi och kemi, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap)
Kristianstad University, School of Engineering.
2005 (English)In: Environmental Monitoring & Assessment, ISSN 0167-6369, E-ISSN 1573-2959, Vol. 102, no 1-3, 309-321 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Artemia salina has, for the first time, been used as test organism for acute toxicity of leachate water from three landfills (the municipal landfills at Kristianstad, Sweden and Siauliai, Lithuania, and an industrial landfill at Stena Fragmenting AB, Halmstad, as well as for leachate from Kristianstad treated in different ways in a pilot plan). Artemia can tolerate the high concentrations of chloride ions found in such waters. Large differences in toxicities were found, the leachate from Siauliai being the most toxic one. To increase the selectivity in the measurements, a fractionation was done by using ion exchange to separate ammonium/ammonia and metal ions from the leachate, and activated carbon adsorbents for organic pollutants. The influence of some metals and phenol compounds on the toxicity was investigated separately. It was found that most of the toxicity emanated from the ammonium/ ammonia components in the leachate. However, there was also a significant contribution from organic pollutants, other than phenol compounds, since separate experiments had in this latter case indicated negligible impact. The concentrations of metals were at a level, shown by separate experiments, where only small contribution to the toxicity could be expected.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 102, no 1-3, 309-321 p.
Keyword [en]
acute toxicity test, Artemia salina, landfill leachate water, ammonia
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6706DOI: 10.1007/s10661-005-6029-zISI: 000227734200019PubMedID: 15869192OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-6706DiVA: diva2:326746
Note

ISI WoS

Available from: 2010-06-24 Created: 2010-06-22 Last updated: 2012-08-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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