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Tobaksvanor och kunskaper om tobak och dess effekter i munhålan: En enkätstudie bland sjuksköterske-, tandhygienist- och folkhälsopedagogstudenter vid Högskolan Kristianstad
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bruket av tobak har idag blivit en viktig folkhälsofråga eftersom rökning och snusning har negativa effekter på såväl allmänhälsa som munhälsa. Trots det röker nästan var fjärde svensk kvinna och var femte svensk man. Syftet med den här studien var att kartlägga tobaksvanorna bland förstaårsstudenterna på sjuksköterske-, tandhygienist- och folkhälsopedagogiska programmet samt att undersöka vilka kunskaper studenterna på respektive program har om tobak och dess effekter i munhålan. Studien genomfördes som en enkätundersökning där 121 enkäter delades ut till studenterna på de tre programmen. Resultatet visade att 7% av studenterna var dagligrökare och 17% var feströkare. Störst andel rökare återfanns på tandhygienistprogrammet. Endast 4% av studenterna brukade snus. Lungcancer, KOL och hjärt-kärlsjukdom var de sjukdomstillstånd som flest studenter associerade med tobaksbruk och när det gäller effekterna i munhålan, såg studenterna starka kopplingar till flera av de listade tillstånden. Rökning förknippades främst med dålig andedräkt, missfärgning av tänderna och muncancer medan snusning också förknippades med frätskador på munslemhinnan. Studenterna visade relativt goda kunskaper om tobak och dess effekter på hälsan. Trots detta rökte en stor del av studenterna vilket indikerar att kunskap allena, inte får unga människor att avstå från tobaksbruk.

Abstract [en]

The use of tobacco has today become an important question in the public health work since smoking and snuff use has a negative impact on general as well as oral health. Despite this, almost one out of four Swedish women and one out of five Swedish men are current smokers. The aim of this study was to survey tobacco habits among first grade students of nursing, dental hygiene and public health and to study the students’ knowledge about tobacco and its effects on the oral cavity. The study was carried out as a questionnaire survey where 121 questionnaires were handed out to the students of the three programmes. The result showed that 7% of the students were daily smokers and 17% were occasional smokers. The largest share of smokers was found at the dental hygienist programme. Only 4% of the students were current snuff users. Lung cancer, COPD and cardio vascular disease were the states of illnesses most students associated with tobacco use. Regarding the effects on the oral cavity, the students found strong connections to several of the listed conditions. Smoking was mainly associated with oral halitosis, tooth staining and oral cancer, while the use of snuff was also associated with corrosion damage to the oral mucous membrane. The students showed relatively good knowledge about tobacco and its health effects. Despite this, a large part of the students was current smokers, which indicates that knowledge alone does not make young people refrain from tobacco use.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
tobacco habits, oral health, knowledge, health promotion
Keywords [sv]
tobaksvanor, oral hälsa, kunskaper, hälsofrämjande arbete
National Category
Dentistry Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6627OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-6627DiVA, id: diva2:322210
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-06-07 Created: 2010-06-04 Last updated: 2010-06-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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