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Upplevelsen av att vänta på en organtransplantation
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The experience of waiting for an organ transplantation (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Få områden inom dagens medicin står inför så många och svåra etiska problem som transplantationskirurgin. De svårt sjuka människor som får möjligheten att genomgå en transplantation får chansen till ett nytt liv. Det är viktigt att sätta sig in i hur patienten upplever väntan för att som vårdpersonal kunna ge ett bra bemötande och en god omvårdnad. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att ur ett patientperspektiv beskriva den känslomässiga upplevelsen av att vänta på en organtransplantation.Metod: Litteraturstudien bygger på åtta kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Att vänta på en organtransplantation beskrevs som smärtsamt samtidigt som det gav patienterna tid att förbereda sig. Sjukvården kunde hjälpa till att hantera väntan genom att anpassa informationen till varje individs tempo och behov. Stöd från familj,sjukvårdspersonal och medpatienter var viktigt för att orka vänta på transplantationen. Att bli placerad på transplantationslistan gav patienterna en ny chans och ett nytt hopp. Patienterna pratade om betydelsen av att göra varje dag meningsfull. Diskussion:Resultatet har knutits samman med Aaron Antonovskys hälsoteori KASAM som utgårfrån de tre centrala begreppen, Begriplighet, Hanterbarhet och Meningsfullhet. Slutsats:För att omvårdnaden kring transplantationspatienterna ska kunna utvecklas ochförbättras krävs det idag mer forskning. Forskningen är begränsad gällande patientensupplevelse av tiden före en organtransplantation.

Abstract [en]

Background: Few areas in medicine today are facing so many difficult ethical problems as transplant surgery. The seriously ill people who get the opportunity to undergo a transplant surgery will get the chance for a new life. It is important that health care professionals understand how patients experience waiting so that they can give good treatment and good care. Aim: The aim of the literature study was to describe the emotional experience of waiting for an organ transplant from a patient perspective. Method: The literature study was based on eight research articles with qualitative method. Result: To wait for an organ transplant was described as painful, but at the same time it gave the patients time to prepare. Health care professionals could help the patients deal with the wait by adapting the information to each individual's pace and needs. Support from family, medical staff and fellow-patients were important to get the energy while waiting for the transplantation. To be placed on the transplant list, gave the patients a new chance and new hope. Patients talked about the importance ofmaking each day meaningful. Discussion: The results have been linked together with Aaron Antonovsky’s health theory, KASAM wich is based on three key concepts: Comprehensibility, Manageability and Meaningfulness. Conclusion: Research is limited concerning how patients experience time before an organ transplant. To develop and improve the care to this patient’s requires further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
Patient, Emotional experience, Waiting, Organ transplantation, Adaptation, Support, Information
Keywords [sv]
Patient, Känslomässig upplevelse, Väntan, Organtransplantation, Anpassning, Stöd, Information
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6406OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-6406DiVA, id: diva2:304246
Presentation
(Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-03-31 Created: 2010-03-10 Last updated: 2010-03-31Bibliographically approved

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