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Patienters upplevelser av psykiatrisk vård: Med fokus på tvångsvård
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

 

Bakgrund: Att vara inskriven enligt lagen om psykiatrisk tvångsvård, LPT, innebär att självbestämmandet tas ifrån en. Eftersom den nya lagen skapades för att skydda patienters integritet undersöker detta arbetet patienternas upplevelser av tvångsvård. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patienters erfarenheter av tvång med fokus på tvångsvård inom den psykiatriska vårdenheten. Metod: En litteraturstudie där sju vetenskapliga artiklar ingick. Systematisk granskning av artiklarna genomfördes. Resultat: Resultatet utgörs av tre kategorier: de som uppfattar tvång i störst utsträckning vilket var främst vita, högutbildade och kvinnor. Negativa erfarenheter av tvångsvård vilket inkluderade att ingen lyssnade eller tog en på allvar. Slutligen positiva erfarenheter av tvångsvård vilket bland annat innebar att ha någon att prata med och få viss kontroll över sin vård. Diskussion: Självbestämmande och kommunikation är viktiga faktorer som spelar en stor roll när det kommer till upplevelser av tvångsvård. Slutsats: Många faktorer spelar in vid upplevelser av tvångsvård och tvång. Både negativa och positiva upplevelser kom fram. Många problem hade kunnat undvikas om personalen hade pratat med patienterna och visat empati. Fler studier i ämnet behövs för att personalen ska kunna förstå patienterna och i slutändan ge en bättre vård.

Abstract [en]

Background: To be admitted according to the law of coercive measures in psychiatric care, LPT, one is stripped of one’s self-determination. Since the new law was created to protect patients' integrities, the aim of this study was to determine how patients' experienced coercive measures. Purpose: The aim was to describe patient´s experience of coercive measures with focus on psychiatric coercive care within a psychiatric care unit. Method: A literature review in which seven scientific articles were included. Systematic review of the articles was used. Results: Three categories were found: Those who experience coercive measure the most which was mainly white people, women and those with a high education. Negative experience of coercive measures which included not being listened to and taken serious. Finally positive experience which included having someone to talk to and being given some control over one’s own care. Discussion: Self determination and communication are key factors when it comes to experiences of coercive measures in psychiatric health care. Conclusion: There are many factors that correlated with experience of coercive measures and coercion. Both negative and positive experiences were mentioned. Many problems could have been avoided if only the staff had talked to the patients and showed empathy. More studies are needed to make the staff understand patients and ultimately give them better care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
Coercive measures, experience, patient, coercion, self determination.
Keywords [sv]
Tvångsvård, upplevelser, patient, tvång, självbestämmande, erfarenheter.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6379OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-6379DiVA, id: diva2:302523
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-03-31 Created: 2010-03-08 Last updated: 2010-03-31Bibliographically approved

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