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The contribution of food groups to the nutrient intake and food pattern among pre-school children
Department of Domestic Sciences, Uppsala University. (Mat- och måltidsvetenskap)
Department of Domestic Sciences, Uppsala University.
Swedish Dairy Association AB, Stockholm. (Mat- och måltidsvetenskap)
Department of Domestic Sciences, Uppsala University.
2002 (English)In: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, Vol. 13, no 2, 107-116 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A pre-school-based dietary survey, using 7-day records, was carried out in Sweden in the Stockholm area at 12 pre-schools; the survey included 109 of 131 participating children. The present study was designed to describe weekday and weekend food patterns, i.e. the frequency of consumption of food items and the contribution of energy and nutrient intake from different food groups, and to explore how foods are related in pre-school children's diet. At pre-school, all children except one ate vegetables and fruits about once a day, and all children consumed, on average, milk and cheese, meat products, bread and breakfast cereals and fats more than once a day. Milk and cheese products, bread and breakfast cereals and meat products were the primary source of energy and protein. The main source of dietary fibre was bread and breakfast cereals, potatoes and fruits. The “low-nutrient foods”, e.g. confectionery, buns, and soft drinks, contributed 20% of the energy during the weekdays and 33% during the weekend days. When all food groups (g/MJ) were analysed simultaneously in a Principal Components Analysis (PCA), 52% of the variation was explained. The food consumption data were described using four food clusters: milk and cheese products; bread and breakfast cereals; meat, potatoes and cooked cereals; confectionery, buns and soft drinks. In conclusion, the PCA seems to be a useful visual tool for elucidating how foods are related in the diet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 13, no 2, 107-116 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, Energy, Food pattern, Nutrients, PCA, Pre-school
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6329DOI: 10.1016/S0950-3293(01)00071-4ISI: 000173829000006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-6329DiVA: diva2:301296
Available from: 2010-03-03 Created: 2010-03-03 Last updated: 2010-12-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Pre-school children's food habits and meal situation: factors influencing the dietary intake at pre-school in a Swedish municipality
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pre-school children's food habits and meal situation: factors influencing the dietary intake at pre-school in a Swedish municipality
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A pre-school-based dietary survey, using seven-day records, focus group interviews and semi-structured interviews, was carried out in a suburban area of Stockholm. The overall objective was to investigate the individual food and nutrient intake of pre-school children at all meals during the day, as well as factors that might influence children’s intake. The average energy and nutrient intake per day for the whole week was satisfactory for the 109 pre-school children, but the temporal distribution throughout the day was skewed. The energy and nutrient intakes of food at the pre-school were lower than recommended. This was, however, compensated for by meals eaten at home. The children had a more varied food intake during weekdays than weekend days. This study has not provided any evidence to support the selection of water versus milk as a preferable lunch beverage in terms of pre-school children's total milk consumption and general dietary quality. However, the dietary analyses showed that there could be a reason to limit pre-school children’s daily milk and fermented milk intake to half a litre, according to the existing guidelines. The children associated food and eating with rules and norms. They did not categorise food as good or bad, as adults often do, but as "food" and "non-food"; for example, sweets were not food. The method used in this study, the focus group interview, was judged to be a useful tool for exploring how children think about and jointly reflect upon food. The role of the teacher had changed over the past years and they had not yet found a solid ground for integrating food and meals into their everyday work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis :, 2002. 64 p.
Series
Comprehensive summaries of Uppsala dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 0282-7492 ; 114
Keyword
Nutrition, förskolebarn, mat och matvanor, Sverige
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6212 (URN)91-554-5240-X (ISBN)
Public defence
(English)
Note
Diss. (sammanfattning) Uppsala : Univ., 2002Available from: 2010-03-03 Created: 2010-02-18 Last updated: 2010-12-07Bibliographically approved

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