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Upplevelser av strålbehandling hos patienter med cancer: En litteraturstudie
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Idag ges strålbehandling som bot mot många olika cancerformer i hela världen. För en patient som ska genomgå, genomgår eller har genomgått en strålbehandling uppstår många tankar, känslor, smärtor och andra upplevelser som sjuksköterskan behöver känna till för att kunna bistå patienten. Strålbehandlingen ger många biverkningar som i värsta fall kan bli bestående livet ut. Syftet: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva patienters upplevelser i samband med strålbehandling. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en allmän litteraturstudie. Nio vetenskapliga artiklar med i huvudsak kvalitativ ansats valdes ut och analyserades efter en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Analysen resulterade i en process: före, under och efter strålbehandlingen, detta ledde till fem huvudkategorier, Rädd för att livet inte skall bli sig likt igen, Ensamhet i mörkret, Kraft att fortsätta kämpa, En känsla av skam, Bättre rustad inför framtidens utmaningar. Diskussion: Familj och närstående visade sig vara viktig för patienterna, även sjukvårdspersonal upplevdes som en trygghet i samband med behandlingen. Patienter upplever osäkerhet, maktlöshet och lidande inför behandlingen. Sjuksköterskan bör bidra till att patientens önskemål och omvårdnadsbehov blir tillgodosedda för att göra behandlingen så skonsam som möjligt. För att få ökad kunskap och förståelse för dessa patienters upplevelse av strålbehandling är fortsatt forskning inom detta område önskvärt.

Abstract [en]

 

Today, radiotherapy is given as cures for many different cancers worldwide. For a patient about to undergo, is undergoing or has undergone a radiation occurs many thoughts, feelings, pains and other experiences that the nurse should have knowledge of in order to assist the patients. The treatment brings many side-effects that are at worst likely, to continue throughout their lives. Aim: The aim of literature review was to describe patient experiences in connection with radiation therapy. Method: The review was conducted as a general literature review. Nine scientific articles with a qualitative approach were selected and analyzed by qualitative content analysis. Results: The analysis resulted in a process: before, during and after radiotherapy, this led to four main categories. Fear that life is not to be the same again, Loneliness during a bothersome time, Strive to continue to struggle, An expectation that life should be the same again. Discussion: Family and relatives proved to be important for patients health professionals also perceived as a security during the treatment. Patients experience insecurity, powerlessness and suffering about the treatment. The nurse should support the patient consider his or her wishes and needs in order to make the treatment as gentle as possible. In order to reach greater knowledge and understanding of these patients and their treatment continuing research in this area is desirable.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
Radiotherapy, Experience, Cancer
Keywords [sv]
Strålbehandling, Upplevelser, Cancer
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6257OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-6257DiVA, id: diva2:297996
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-02-22 Created: 2010-02-19 Last updated: 2010-02-22Bibliographically approved

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