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Att leva med tarmstomi: en litteraturstudie
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: En stomi är en konstgjord öppning för att avleda avföring genom bukväggen. Att acceptera stomin och sin nya livssituation kan vara en komplicerad process för patienten. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva patienters upplevelser av att leva med tarmstomi. Metod: Studien utformades som en allmän litteraturstudie baserad på elva vetenskapliga artiklar, varav åtta var av kvalitativ ansats och tre av kvantitativ. Resultat: Det framkom att stomiopererade patienter upplevde fysiska, emotionella och sociala förändringar som påverkade det dagliga livet. Negativa känslor och upplevelser dominerade bland stomibärarna, vilket gjorde anpassningen till stomin besvärlig. Trots svårigheter upplevde stomibärarna ändå en tacksamhet över sina stomier eftersom de slapp tidigare lidande. Diskussion: För att stomibärarna ska kunna förbereda sig på hur livet med en stomi kommer att se ut bör de få mer information både inför och efter stomioperationen. Informationen bör vara anpassad efter stomibärarens behov. Genom att stomibärarna får samtalsstöd kan de få hjälp med att övervinna sina psykiska hinder och anpassa sig till livet med stomi, samt få ökat välbefinnande. Slutsats: Om stomibärarna får mer hjälp i sitt dagliga liv och om vårdpersonalen stöttar dem, skulle fler uppleva positiva erfarenheter av sina stomier.

Abstract [en]

Background: An ostomy is an artificial opening to drain faeces through the abdominal wall. Accepting the ostomy and the new life situation is a complicated process for the patient. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patient's experiences of living with an ostomy. Method: The study was designed as a literature review based on eleven scientific articles, of which eight had a qualitative approach and three, a quantitative. Results: The findings of the review indicate that ostomypatients experienced physical, emotional and social changes which affected patient's daily life. Negative feelings and experiences dominated, which made adjustment to the ostomy difficult. The patients experienced gratefulness to their ostomies because they avoided previous suffering, despite difficulties in their daily lives. Discussion: The patients need more information both before and after a stoma surgery to prepare for the life with an ostomy. The information should be adapted for patient's needs. They can overcome their psychological problems if they participate in support groups. The patients can then adapt to their ostomies and increase their wellbeing. Conclusion: If ostomypatients get more support from nursing staff in their daily lives, many of them would have positive experiences of their ostomies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Ostomy, patient, experience
Keywords [sv]
Stomi, patient, upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-5927OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-5927DiVA, id: diva2:294020
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-02-18 Created: 2010-02-15 Last updated: 2010-02-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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