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Kommunikation mellan patienter med Aspergers Syndrom och sjuksköterskor
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Communication between the patients with Asperger's Syndrome and the nurse (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Aspergers syndrom karaktäriseras av svårigheter med social interaktion och kommunikation, främst icke-verbal. Det har visat sig att genetiska faktorer är av stor betydelse och att en hjärnskada kan vara en bakomliggande orsak. Svårigheterna gör att de ofta hamnar utanför i sociala sammanhang. På grund av den låga prevalensen av AS har personal inom vård och omsorg en begränsad kunskap kring mötet med personer som har AS. De kommunikationssvårigheter som ses förekomma vid AS kan göra det svårt i mötet med sjukvården. Syfte: Att undersöka vilka faktorer sjuksköterskan bör ta hänsyn till för att skapa en kommunikation i samtalet med en patient som har Aspergers syndrom. Metod: Studien är en allmän litteraturstudie där fjorton artiklar användes. Resultat: Resultatet visade att sociala svårigheter är ett av de stora karaktärsdragen vid AS och något sjuksköterskan bör ta hänsyn till. Missförstånd uppstå förhållandevis lätt då personer med AS ofta uppfattar saker mycket konkret. Helheten i kommunikationen mellan två personer; kroppsspråk och ord, kan inte kopplas samman av personer med AS. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskan bör ha en tydlig kommunikation i mötet med patienter, framförallt med patienterna med AS.

 

Abstract [en]

Background: The syndrome is characterized by difficulties in social interaction and communication, mostly nonverbal. It has been shown that genetic factors are important and that brain injury may be an underlying cause of Asperser’s syndrome. Therefore they often fall outside of social contexts. Due to the low prevalence, the staff of the health-care has limited knowledge about meeting with people who have AS. The communication problems which is seen in AS may cause difficulties in their meeting with the health system. Purpose: To investigate what factors the nurse should take into account to create a communication in conversation with a patient who has Asperser’s syndrome. Method: The study is a general literature study in which fourteen articles were used. Results: The results showed that social disadvantage is one of the characteristics of AS that the nurse should take into account. Misunderstandings occur relatively easy when people with AS often perceive things very concretely. Integrity of communication between two people, body language and words, may not be linked to people with AS. Conclusion: The nurse should have a clear communication in interactions with patients, especially with patients with AS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
Syndrome, Communication, Caring, Expression
Keyword [sv]
Aspergers syndrom, kommunikation, Omvårdnad, Uttryck
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-5915OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-5915DiVA: diva2:293671
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-02-18 Created: 2010-02-12 Last updated: 2010-02-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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